Calciphylaxis in end-stage renal disease is characterized by painful necrotic skin ulcers and high mortality. There are no approved therapies. SNF472, an intravenous formulation of myo-inositol hexaphosphate, inhibits the formation and growth of hydroxyapatite crystals, the final common pathway in the pathogenesis of vascular calcification.
In this open-label, single-arm study, calciphylaxis patients on thrice-weekly hemodialysis and standard care, received intravenous SNF472 3 times per week for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was wound healing assessed using the quantitative Bates-Jensen Wound Assessment Tool (BWAT). Pain visual analog scale (VAS), quality of life (wound-QoL), and qualitative wound image review were secondary endpoints. Quantitative changes from baseline were analyzed by paired t-tests using multiple imputation to account for missing observations.
Fourteen patients received SNF472. Improvements from baseline to week 12 were observed for mean BWAT score (- 8.1; P < 0.001), pain VAS (- 23.6 mm; P = 0.015) and wound-QoL global score (- 0.90; P = 0.003). Of the 9 patients with ulcerated lesions at baseline who completed treatment, wound image review showed improvement for 7. SNF472 was well tolerated with no serious treatment-related adverse events. The most common adverse events were infections which occur frequently in patients on hemodialysis. None of these were considered as treatment-related.
SNF472 was well-tolerated and improvements from baseline to week 12 in wound healing, pain, and quality of life were observed. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial is planned to evaluate SNF472 in patients with calciphylaxis.