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In Vitro Potential Virucidal Effect Evaluation of Xibornol on Human Adenovirus Type 5, Human Rhinovirus Type 13, Human Coronavirus 229E, Human Parainfluenza Virus Type 1, and Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2022 Jun 15. doi: 10.1007/5584_2022_722. Online ahead of print.


The availability of virucidal compounds to reduce the impact of respiratory viruses is a relevant topic for public health, especially during the recent coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Antimicrobial properties of Xibornol are known since the 1970s, but its activity on viruses is currently little explored. In this study, Xibornol activity at a fixed concentration of 0.03 mg/100 ml has been evaluated on five respiratory viruses (Human Adenovirus 5, Human Rhinovirus type 13, Human Coronavirus 229E, Human Parainfluenza Virus type 1, and Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus) through in vitro experiments based on adapted European standard UNI EN 14476-20019. The experiments were carried out under two different environmental conditions, one with the addition of fetal bovine serum to simulate an in vivo condition (dirty condition) and the other without the addition of any organic substances (clean condition). The viral abatement of Xibornol (expressed as Log10 reduction – LR) was statistically significant under both clean and dirty environmental conditions. Namely, in clean condition, LR ranged from 2.67 to 3.84, while in the dirty one the abatement was slightly lower (from 1.75 to 3.03). Parainfluenza Virus and Human Adenovirus were most resistant compared to the other viruses. The obtained data confirmed Xibornol activity and its use as topic substance for viral inactivation to prevent upper respiratory tract disease.

PMID:35699841 | DOI:10.1007/5584_2022_722

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