Nevin Manimala Statistics

Halogen⋯Halogen Interactions: Nature, Directionality and Applications

Chem Asian J. 2023 Mar 3:e202300067. doi: 10.1002/asia.202300067. Online ahead of print.


Halogen⋯halogen interaction is a highly debated and important topic in crystal engineering and supramolecular chemistry. There are controversies about the nature and geometry of these interactions. F, Cl, Br and I are the four halogens that involve in these interactions. Very often the lighter and the heavier halogens behave differently. The nature of the interactions also depends upon the nature of the atom which is covalently bonded to the halogens. In this review different homo-halogen⋯halogen, hetero-halogen⋯halogen, halogen⋯halide interactions, their natures, and preferred geometries have been discussed. Different motifs of halogen⋯halogen interactions, interchangeability of the halogen⋯halogen interactions with other supramolecular synthons and interchangeability between different halogens and other functional groups also have been discussed. Some of the important applications, in which halogen⋯halogen interactions have been successfully employed, are mentioned.

PMID:36866564 | DOI:10.1002/asia.202300067

By Nevin Manimala

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