Cannabis Cannabinoid Res. 2023 Sep;8(S1):S71-S82. doi: 10.1089/can.2023.0038.
Introduction: Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is an understudied cannabinoid that appears to have effects that vary as a function of dose. No human study has evaluated the safety and nature of effects in a wide range of THCV doses. Methods: This was a two-phase, dose-ranging, placebo-controlled trial of the Δ8 isomer of oral THCV in healthy adults. Phase 1 utilized an unblinded, single-ascending dose design (n=3). Phase 2 used a double-blind, randomized, within-participant crossover design (n=18). Participants received single acute doses of placebo and 12.5, 25, 50, 100, and 200 mg of THCV. Safety measures and subjective and cognitive effects were assessed predose and up to 8 h postdose. Results: Most adverse events (AEs; 55/60) were mild. Euphoric mood was the most common AE. The 12.5, 25, and 200 mg doses produced significantly lower minimum times to complete the digit vigilance test (ps=0.01). The 25 mg dose showed elevations on mean ratings of “energetic” at 1-, 2-, and 4-h postdose, but the maximum postdose rating for this dose did not achieve statistical significance relative to placebo ([95% confidence interval]=3.2 [-0.5 to 6.9], p=0.116). The 100 and 200 mg doses showed elevations on ratings of “feel a drug effect” and “like the drug effect.” Almost all urine drug screens (78/79) at 8 h postdose in the active THCV conditions tested positive for tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Conclusion: All THCV doses displayed a favorable safety profile. Several THCV doses showed a preliminary signal for improved sustained attention, but the effect was not dose dependent. Though mild and not associated with impairment, THC-like effects were observed at higher THCV doses. Oral THCV-containing products could lead to positive urine drug screens for THC. ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT05210634.