The prognostic value of the tumor-stroma ratio in squamous cell lung cancer, a cohort study.
Cancer Treat Res Commun. 2020 Nov 21;25:100247
Authors: Smit MA, Philipsen MW, Postmus PE, Putter H, Tollenaar RA, Cohen D, Mesker WE
OBJECTIVES: The tumor-stroma ratio (TSR) is based on the relative amount of stroma in the primary tumor and has proven to be an independent prognostic factor in various solid tumors. The prognosis of patients and adjuvant treatment decision making in lung squamous cell carcinomas (SqCC) is based on the TNM classification. Currently, no other prognostic biomarkers are available. In this study we evaluated the prognostic value of the TSR in lung SqCC.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients undergoing lung surgery because of lung SqCC between 2000 and 2018 at the Leiden University Medical Center were included. The TSR was scored on hematoxylin & eosin stained tissue sections. Based on the amount of tumor-stroma, two groups were defined: ≤50% was classified as a stroma-low tumor and >50% as stroma-high. The prognostic value of the TSR was determined with survival analysis.
RESULTS: A total of 174 stage I-III patients were included. Of them, 79 (45%) were stroma-low and 95 (55%) stroma-high. Separately analyzed for tumor stages, the TSR showed to be an independent prognostic biomarker in stage II (n = 68) for 5-year overall survival (HR=3.0; 95% CI, 1.1-8.6; p = 0.035) and 5-year disease free survival (DFS) (HR=3.6; 95% CI, 1.3-9.9; p = 0.014). Patients with a stroma-high tumor had a worse 5-year DFS in the whole cohort (HR 1.6; 95% CI, 1.0-2.4; p = 0.048), but no independent prognostic value was found.
CONCLUSION: In stage II lung SqCC patients, stroma-low tumors have a better prognosis compared to stroma-high tumors. Moreover, adjuvant chemotherapy could be spared for these stroma-low patients.
PMID: 33249210 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]