Commissioners to hear chemical dependency report, statistics | News, Sports, Jobs – NUjournal

Commissioners to hear chemical dependency report, statistics | News, Sports, Jobs - NUjournal nevin manimala
Commissioners to hear chemical dependency report, statistics | News, Sports, Jobs - NUjournal nevin manimala

NEW ULM — Brown County Commissioners will receive a chemical dependency report and information on substance abuse changes in the past year at their Aug. 27 board meeting.

The board meeting starts at 9 a.m., Tuesday, Aug. 27 in the courthouse commissioner’s room.

Information received includes county-specific data on chemical dependency treatment and total expenditures for chemical dependency treatment paid from the Consolidated Chemical Dependency Treatment Fund (CCDTF) for the past five fiscal years.

Substance Use Disorder (SUD) reform has been discussed often at the Minnesota Department of Human Services (DHS) and in the legislature the past two years. Updates will be provided on what has changed and what is being proposed.

Commissioners will also consider:

• Entering into an agreement between Brown County Heartland Express and the Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT) to purchase a bus in 2020 at a cost not to exceed $88,000. Brown County’s share would be 10 percent of the cost.

• The introduction of three new Human Services staff including adult mental health client case manager Joshua Hopkins and new child protection workers Danielle Maher and Haley Krumm.

• An updated bridge priority list of structurally deficient bridges or ones requested to be replaced by a township. Bridges on the list are eligible for bridge bond funds.

Earlier this year, MnDOT directed counties to consider scheduling replacement of large, corrugated metal culverts that have deflected (bent) 10 percent or more. Brown County has nine bridges with corrugated metal culverts, five of which have deflected more than 10 percent. They have been included on the list. Three are on township roads. Two are on county roads.

The bridge list includes the CSAH 8 bridge over the Minnesota River estimated to cost $1,500,000 to replace in 2022. Federal funds would pay $960,000 of the cost.

Other bridges on the list are on CSAH 10 and 7.

• Scheduling a special board meeting at 1:30 p.m., Tuesday, Sept. 24 to do human services director position interviews. A special meeting to select a position finalist is set for 1:30 p.m., Wednesday, Sept. 25.

fbusch@nujournal.com

Vikings’ Adam Thielen driven by victories, not statistics – Minneapolis Star Tribune

Vikings' Adam Thielen driven by victories, not statistics - Minneapolis Star Tribune nevin manimala
Vikings' Adam Thielen driven by victories, not statistics - Minneapolis Star Tribune nevin manimala

If you want one reason why Vikings quarterback Kirk Cousins struggled in a 20-9 preseason victory over Arizona on Saturday, completing only three of 13 passes for 35 yards, you can look to the absence of wide receiver Adam Thielen, who was a healthy scratch.

And after the game, coach Mike Zimmer said that there’s no doubt this team will have to play with more urgency if it is to succeed this season.

Thielen undoubtedly will play a big part of that. Statistically, his first half last season was one of the best stretches of wide receiver play in NFL history. The undrafted Minnesota State Mankato product recorded over 100 yards receiving in each of the Vikings’ first eight games and totaled 925 yards on 74 receptions to go along with six scores.

Fox News pushes misleading DOJ statistics about non-citizen arrests – Media Matters for America

Fox News pushes misleading DOJ statistics about non-citizen arrests - Media Matters for America nevin manimala
Fox News pushes misleading DOJ statistics about non-citizen arrests - Media Matters for America nevin manimala

Fox News figures and Trump officials are using the report to give the administration further rhetorical ammunition to overturn the 1997 Flores court agreement, which placed time limits on family migrant detention.

This effort to advance  these mass immigration arrests as an illustration of noncitizens launching a supposed crime wave in America is like the classic tale of the man who murders his parents and then pleads for the court’s mercy — on the grounds that he is an orphan.

On the August 22 edition of Lou Dobbs Tonight, host Lou Dobbs claimed that the report “highlights the rise of crimes by non-U.S. citizens in this country.”

Vital statistics for Aug. 23, 2019 – Union Democrat

Vital statistics for Aug. 23, 2019 - Union Democrat nevin manimala
Vital statistics for Aug. 23, 2019 - Union Democrat nevin manimala

Marriages recorded Aug. 12 through Aug. 16 (wedding date given):

June 15 — Forrest Edwin Campbell Jr. and Lynette Christine Cannon

Aug. 3 — Miriam Maria Sagastume and Jose Alfredo Abalos

Aug. 10 — Jacob Warner Alford and Joycelynn Nichole Rebeiro

Aug. 10 — Donte Rashawn TUrner and Kayla Marie Dickerson-Childers

Births recorded Aug. 12 through Aug. 16 (mother’s maiden name given in most entries):

July 27 — A boy, Johonah H Choi, to Aaron Gabriel Choi and Vivien Lisa Rippe

Aug. 3 — A girl, Ariya Alaniz Roe, to Patricia Alaniz Roe

Aug. 7 — A boy, Kevin Christopher Nathan Elsberry, to Michael Philip Elsberry and Alicia Marie Seal

Aug. 7 — A girl, Kamryn Reanne Macenzie, to Lee McArthur Mackenzie and Rebekah Leanne Garvin

Aug. 8 — A boy, Jesse Dustin Forgues, to Jesse Dutin Forgues and Jennifer Marie Croslin

Aug. 8 — A boy, Grady Joel Holcomb, to David Eugene Holcomb and Lydia Ruth Bacher

Aug. 8 — A girl, Lorelei June Livingston, to Nathan David Livingston and Lauren Nicole Rawlinson

Aug. 9 — A girl, Pyper Lynn Robicheaux, to Paul William Robicheaux and Cierra Marie Tittsworth

Aug. 10 — A girl, Nayeli Radine WIlson, to Brandon Joseph Marcus WIlson and Evelyn Radine Petts

Aug. 11 — A boy, Ashton Christopher Fox, to Kevin Christopher Fox and Cailin Dentley

Aug. 12 — A girl, Ellie Joy Allen, to Joshua Ross ALlen and Carissa Jade Stewart

Aug. 12 — A girl, Baylee Marie Morgan, to Michael James Morgan and Heather Elizabeth Fant

Aug. 12 — A girl, Haven Mae Porter, to Jordan Robert Porter and Olivia Lauren Manuel

Aug. 13 — A girl, Charlotte Reigh Cheatwood, to Chase Reno Cheatwood and Kaylie Elise Taylor

Deaths recorded Aug. 12 through Aug. 16:

Aug. 2 — Bill O’Leary Logan

Aug. 4 — Terrance ‘TJ’ Eugene Predmore Jr.

Aug. 7 — Sheila Diane Murphy

Aug. 10 — Cecilia Emma Minarik

Aug. 10 — William ‘Bill’ Joseph Roberson

Aug. 11 — Marjorie Mable Hofer

Aug. 12 — Vonnie June Adams

Aug. 12 — Vernon Douglas Penn

Aug. 13 — Garnet Richard ‘Dick’ Nelson

10 Revealing Statistics About the Beer Industry – Behind the Brews – Summer 2019 – San Diego Magazine

10 Revealing Statistics About the Beer Industry - Behind the Brews - Summer 2019 - San Diego Magazine nevin manimala

Here’s how San Diego, California, and the U.S. stack up against other beer regions, according to 10 different studies

By Bruce Glassman

Published: 2019.08.22 05:16 PM

10 Revealing Statistics About the Beer Industry - Behind the Brews - Summer 2019 - San Diego Magazine nevin manimala

Graphic by Bruce Glassman

As a resident of San Diego, it’s easy to find yourself living in a “beer bubble.” I’m as guilty of it as anyone. I tend to think of San Diego as the center of the beer universe, but the truth is that there are lots of great beer cities all over the world—okay, I’ll admit it—even other great beer cities in America.

A bunch of interesting new statistics have been released lately from the Brewers Association, Cal State University San Marcos, the San Diego Brewers Guild, and other sources, that help to put San Diego, California, and America in perspective from a beer standpoint. Periodically, I think it’s a good idea to digest some of these major stats and facts, just to keep on top of an industry that’s so important to San Diego. At the very least, knowing some of this stuff will help you wow your friends with beer knowledge at the next party you attend.

Here are ten of the most interesting beer-fact things I’ve found lately:

1. Americans don’t drink the most beer per capita (not even close). According to The UK Telegraph and 2018 statistics from Statista, folks in the Czech Republic guzzle 287 pints per person (143.3 liters) whereas Americans, by contrast, drink only about 163.5 pints (20.44 gallons) per person.

2. America doesn’t produce the most beer. According to worldatlas.com, the biggest brewer on the planet is China, which makes 46.54 million kiloliters annually (more than twice the U.S.). We make about 194.2 million barrels annually, according to the Brewers Association.

3. America does appear to have the most craft breweries of any country on the planet. According to alltech.com, there are about 10,000 craft breweries in the world and 86% of them are either in the UK or the USA. According to the Brewers Association, we currently have a total of 7,346 craft breweries in America.

4. Here’s what the U.S. beer industry in general looks like, according to the BA (2018 statistics):

The U.S. beer market generated $114.2 billion in sales in 2018, with craft beer accounting for $27.6 billion (about 24% of the total). It took nearly 26 million barrels of craft beer to create that revenue.

5. Here’s how California stacks up compared to other states in the beer department (statistics are from BA for 2018):

  • California is #1 in total U.S. craft breweries at 900-plus.
  • California is #1 in the economic impact of its beer industry, generating $7.345 billion in 2018.

6. California is way down the states list in terms of per capita breweries at #28 (which translates to 2.9 breweries per 100,000 persons 21+). Vermont holds the #1 spot, with 11.5 breweries per 100,000.

7. California is #2 in total barrels of craft beer produced annually, with a total production in 2018 of 3.42 million barrels. Pennsylvania comes in at #1, with 3.72 million barrels.

8. Californians rank 30th in per capita beer consumption, according to the 2017 statistics from 24/7 Wall St, which says we consume an average of 25.1 gallons per person. New Hampshire chugs to #1 with 40.6 gallons per capita.

9. San Diego’s beer industry continues to outpace the general craft beer industry in growth. According to the San Diego Brewers Guild and statistics from Cal State University San Marcos, San Diego craft beer generated $1.2 billion in economic impact in 2018, with total industry revenue of $848 million. San Diego breweries produced 1.3 million barrels in 2018 and provided an estimated 6,480 jobs for the region.

10. Have you ever tasted the world’s top-selling beer? Probably not. It’s Snow, which is a light lager only available in China. How much Snow is sold every year? A lot. It beats out Bud by more than twice the volume, and, according to the company that makes it, each day they sell enough beer to fill 12 Olympic-size swimming pools.


sdbrewdude SDTopBrewers

Gloomy labor statistics show that the retail apocalypse was worse than we thought – INSIDER

Gloomy labor statistics show that the retail apocalypse was worse than we thought - INSIDER nevin manimala
Gloomy labor statistics show that the retail apocalypse was worse than we thought - INSIDER nevin manimala

The specter of the retail apocalypse still hangs over the whole industry. And the latest gloomy numbers from the Bureau of Labor Statistics indicates that it’s not going anywhere soon.

After reviewing its statistics on the numbers of new jobs created between 2018 and 2019, the bureau cut its annual benchmark of nonfarm jobs by 501,000 jobs.

These numbers aren’t just a sign that President Donald Trump’s signature tax cuts didn’t actually spur more hiring. They’re also an indication that retail is far from out of the woods. The industry was one of the hardest-hit sectors on the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ list of revisions.

As it turns out, the retail trade boasts 146,400 fewer jobs than previously thought, a 0.9% drop.

Read more: These 15 retailers have filed for bankruptcy or liquidation in 2019

This isn’t even the first time this year that the bureau has released job numbers that painted a less-than-rosy picture for the retail industry. In February, it announced that there were 138,000 fewer jobs in retail than previously thought, The Washington Post reported.

When it comes to labor issues, the world of retail has plenty to contend with. Bloomberg reported that private equity has cost 597,000 retail employees their jobs. Meanwhile, topics around the push to raise the federal minimum wage and the rise of automation and e-commerce have also prompted questions about the future of retail jobs.

The changing times have caused some businesses to fall victim to the retail apocalypse, shuttering stores and laying off thousands of workers. Particularly hit-hard states include West Virginia, Vermont, Rhode Island, Ohio, Connecticut, and Maryland, Business Insider’s Hayley Peterson reported.

Sex trafficking statistics in Montana and signs to look for – KULR-TV

Sex trafficking statistics in Montana and signs to look for - KULR-TV nevin manimala
Sex trafficking statistics in Montana and signs to look for - KULR-TV nevin manimala

GREAT FALLS- Children and adults are tricked into the sex trafficking industry through force, fraud, or coercion.

After two recent cases of sex trafficking in Great Falls, law enforcement has a list of warnings people need to look out for.

Cascade County Sheriff, Jesse Slaughter said in some scenarios, kids get tricked into selling themselves for drugs or alcohol which is one-way sex trafficking happens.

Just seven years ago the National Human Trafficking Hotline reported about 3,200 cases of human trafficking. Last year that number had more than tripled (10,949). At the state level in Montana, the highest number of cases reported during the last seven years was 27, but Slaughter said they don’t have local numbers which will soon change.

“The Internet Crimes Against Children Task Force that we’re a part of has been tracking those so in years to come we will have those statistics on this type of activity,” said Slaughter.

Slaughter said the best way to keep your kids from falling into this trap is to have an open honest relationship and empower them. If they feel comfortable talking to parents, they will less likely get involved. 

More from this section

How often do Americans change their underwear? The statistics stink – The Guardian

How often do Americans change their underwear? The statistics stink - The Guardian nevin manimala

Americans are disgusting. Actually, let me rephrase that: 45% of Americans are disgusting. According to a study, 45% of them have worn the same pair of underpants for two days or longer. The survey also found that men are almost 2.5 times more likely than women to wear their underwear for more than a week.

Before you get too grossed out, let me stress that this study should be taken with several pinches of salt. This was not a rigorous scientific investigation published in the Journal of Hygiene; it was a survey conducted by an underwear company to generate free coverage and encourage you to buy new underwear every six months. The company does not reveal how its questions were phrased and is vague about methodology; it does not specify, for example, whether the 2,000 Americans polled were a representative sample or were just college students. In brief, the results stink to high heaven. Nevertheless, the survey went viral and was reported by outlets such as Newsweek, the Independent and the New York Post.

Running a study to come up with a headline-worthy statistic you can use to flog your product is PR 101. I can tell you from my own experience in the ad industry that agencies are full of people desperately designing surveys and cutting data until they generate a juicy statistic for a client. I call these types of stats “advertistics” and I suggest you do too – like 72.5% of writers, my greatest ambition is to one day appear as the source for a word in the OED. With enough patience, you can get a survey to prove anything, no matter how ludicrous. A genetics company, for example, can “prove” that genes determine whether you love or hate Marmite; the US National Dairy Council can claim that 7% of American adults think chocolate milk comes from brown cows.

Advertistics are largely harmless fun, intended simply to insert a brand name into a cultural conversation. It’s when you do not see a brand attached to a dubious-sounding statistic that alarm bells should start ringing. You may remember headlines earlier this year claiming that half of Americans admit they use swimming pools to wash instead of the shower. The survey turned out to have been by a PR firm working for the chlorine industry – something a number of news outlets did not initially notice or report.

In general, brand-sponsored studies generate a few headlines and are swiftly forgotten. Sometimes, however, they become received wisdom. Take, for example, the idea that breakfast is the most important meal of the day – something your mum probably yelled at you multiple times when you were a kid. You can largely thank Edward Bernays, who is considered the “father of public relations”, for drumming this idea into our psyche. In the 1920s, Bernays (who was Sigmund Freud’s nephew) was hired by the bacon industry to increase sales. He did so by surveying 5,000 doctors and asking them if “a hearty breakfast was better than a light breakfast to replace the energy lost by the body at night”. A majority of doctors agreed and the survey results became the cornerstone of an ad campaign encouraging you to start your day with a hearty breakfast of bacon and eggs.

This, by the way, is not to say that all statistics are complete bunk. A study conducted by Arwa Mahdawi LLC has found that the small percentage of people who read until the very end of an article are extremely intelligent, very attractive and definitely change their underwear every day. Well done, you.

Arwa Mahdawi is a Guardian columnist

Statistics Show California Wildfire Acreage Down This Year – TIME

Statistics Show California Wildfire Acreage Down This Year - TIME nevin manimala

(LOS ANGELES) — California is not burning. At least not as much as it has in recent years.

Acreage burned through Sunday is down 90% compared to the average over the past five years and down 95% from last year, according to statistics from the Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.

The stats are good news for a state that has seen terrifyingly destructive and deadly blazes the past two years, but the worst of those fires occurred in the fall.

The precipitous drop could be due to the amount of precipitation the state received during a winter of near-record snowfall and cooler-than-average temperatures — so far.

Scott McLean, a spokesman for CalFire, said the state hasn’t dried out as quickly this year and the temperatures haven’t been as consistently hot. Hot spells have been followed by cooler weather and winds haven’t been strong.

“It’s a roller coaster with temperatures this year,” McLean said. “There have been very little winds so far. We’re crossing all fingers and appendages.”

The most current U.S. Drought Monitor map released last week shows only a tiny portion of California listed as abnormally dry. A year ago, almost the entire state was listed in a range from abnormally dry to extreme drought.

Even after another very wet year in 2017 when Gov. Jerry Brown declared the end to a years-long drought, hot weather quickly sapped vegetation of moisture and nearly 4,000 fires had already burned more than 350 square miles (906 square kilometers) at this time of year. In October 2017, fast-moving, wind-driven blazes in Northern California killed 44 people and destroyed thousands of homes.

Last year began with less rainfall and a smaller snowpack and the state dried out even faster with more dire the consequences. It was the worst fire year in state history in both acreage and deaths with the Camp Fire in November wiping out the town of Paradise, destroying nearly 15,000 homes and killing 86 people. At the same time, a Southern California wildfire burned across the Santa Monica Mountains and destroyed more than 1,500 structures.

CalFire has fought fires on 38 square miles (98 square kilometers) this year, down from an average of 416 square miles (1,077 square kilometers) from 2014-18.

Through the same date last year, a total of nearly 4,000 fires had burned more than 970 square miles (2,512 square kilometers). The number of fires this year, about 3,400, is only down about 15% from last year, meaning the fires are much smaller.

Typically, 95% of the fires CalFire fights are smaller than 10 acres and “boy are we living up to that,” McLean said.

The state’s figures don’t compare data on fires on all federal lands, which account for about 45 percent of the state’s acreage.

Fires on U.S. Forest Service land this year, however, have also declined. To date, only 41 square miles have burned in national forests, compared to 350 square miles at this time last year, according to fire officials.

Contact us at editors@time.com.

Why neuroscience needs computers and statistics – Stanford University News

Byline Nathan Collins

Scott Linderman always kind of knew he wanted to work at the intersection of computer science, statistics and neuroscience. He wrote about the interface between computation and biology for his college application essays back in high school. After college, he worked as an engineer at Microsoft, but maintained his interest in the brain, reading neuroscience textbooks on the bus to and from work. A class he took on machine learning and the brain at the University of Washington eventually motivated him to take the plunge and apply to graduate school.  Not long after that he started his PhD at Harvard University.

Today, Linderman is an assistant professor of statistics, which on the surface might not seem like it has much to do with neuroscience. In fact, he said, statistics and computer science have become essential components of brain science in the last decade. A member of the Wu Tsai Neurosciences Institute who arrived on campus just two months ago, Linderman’s research is focused on developing statistical models and computer algorithms that try to make sense of a flood of data on the activity of neurons in animal brains. Here, he explains why neuroscience needs statistics and computer science and what he hopes to accomplish at that intersection.

When you started graduate school a little under a decade ago, neuroscience was undergoing a sort of data revolution. What was that about, and what did computer science and statistics have to do with it?

One thing is that recording techniques were really blossoming into what they’ve become today, which is a powerful set of tools for interrogating neural circuits at scales that we really haven’t had access to in the history of neuroscience. We already had techniques to study populations of neurons, but there’s been an exponential growth in the numbers of neurons that can be recorded simultaneously, and not only recorded but also perturbed using optogenetics.

These new recording techniques let us study the brain with unprecedented precision, but they also demanded new computational techniques and statistical techniques for analyzing the types of data that were being collected.  Fortunately, the field of machine learning was taking off at the same time, offering new possibilities for modeling large, complex datasets.

Why did that data demand new techniques? Was it just that there was a lot more data?

The first challenge is that the sheer scale of the data is just orders of magnitude larger than what we’ve been dealing with in the past, and that presents computational challenges. A single experiment can generate hundreds of gigabytes of data per hour. You need new computational infrastructure and new techniques just for data wrangling. Small differences in an algorithm can make a big difference in your ability to rapidly iterate on new ideas versus having to spin something off and come back a week later to see what happens.

But scale is just scratching the surface. It’s also that as we record more and more neurons, we realize that the complexity of the data is greater. When you look at the computations that are being performed by neural circuits, they’re manifested in highly nonlinear dynamical systems, and so as we collect richer and richer datasets, we’re also trying to push the flexibility of the probabilistic and statistical models that we’re applying to those data in order to get a clearer picture of what’s going on in these neural circuits, how they’re operating and computing.

The third challenge is that it’s not just that we’ve recorded more neurons for a longer period of time from a single animal. We’re collecting very heterogeneous datasets that are stitched together from many individual subjects from different trials and different experimental conditions. In order to answer the scientific questions, we have to be thinking about how to put these things together in a principled way in order to make the most of the information we have.

That’s interesting – there’s this flood of data, but at the same time it’s got this complex structure and you have these complex hypotheses, many of them based in machine learning and artificial intelligence, that you’re trying to test. It’s an awesome challenge.

Yes, and that’s why I think it’s fun to be working in this space right now. There are incredible opportunities but still very clear challenges that need to be addressed in order to make progress.

My work has been thinking about how to take current models to the next level, endowing them with greater flexibility to capture more complex dynamics, while still retaining some interpretability. Our models need to be able to make predictions with high accuracy – this is critical for many applications, like building brain-machine interfaces – but to advance neuroscience, we also want to understand the principles that guide those predictions.  As our models become more sophisticated, it becomes harder to understand how they work.  So I’m trying to thread a needle, balancing flexibility and interpretability.

We’ve been talking about this in sort of abstract terms, but as a practical matter, you’re studying relatively simple animals including zebrafish and mice. One animal you’re interested in, a tiny worm, C. elegans, has just 302 neurons, compared to something like 100 billion in the human brain. Can we learn anything about our own brains from studying something so simple?

C. elegans is one of the few animals in which we can really go from recordings of the neural circuit in action to detailed measurements of behavior and sensory inputs, so we can see the worm’s neural computational system unfolding in real time. That’s only recently become possible, and so I’ve found it to be a really exciting model to be thinking about as we try to tie theories of neural computation to actual measurements of neural activity.

To your question about how studying model organisms ultimately translates to more complex nervous systems like ours, I think there is good reason to believe that certain principles of neural computation may be maintained from one species to the next. And in any case, the techniques that we need to develop in order to analyze this data and start to ask questions are going to persist as we move up the stack to more complex organisms. I think the types of lessons we’re learning as we look at simple organisms will translate to more complex organisms as well.

Now that you’re here at Stanford, what are your goals for the immediate future?

I’m really excited about the potential for new collaborations here. Not only are we conceptually at the intersection of many disciplines, we’re physically located within about a five minute walk of world class departments that are all contributing to this scientific endeavor. I’m looking for people who are working on problems in neuroscience and looking for new computational collaborators to help analyze and understand data, but also I think this is a great opportunity to get some word out to people on the computational and statistical side. Maybe you’re curious about neuroscience but haven’t done anything there. That’s not a problem from my perspective. I think those are really ideal candidates to lure into this type of interdisciplinary work. There’s a lot of really interesting challenges going on right now in neuroscience that could benefit from new thinking and new ideas.