Parentally Speaking: Statistics scary, but recovery possible

Parentally Speaking: Statistics scary, but recovery possible statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

Ezra Helfand, Contributor Published 12:00 p.m. ET Sept. 3, 2018

CLOSEParentally Speaking: Statistics scary, but recovery possible statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

Monmouth County Sheriff, Prosecutor and partners in drug recovery services held a news conference at the Monmouth County jail on a new treatment program at the jail for opioid addicts, putting recovery coaches in touch with addicted inmates before they are released without bail under bail reform. Bob Karp

A week or so ago I received an email that provided some startling statistics. In 2017, we lost more than 70,000 individuals to overdoses. The Nevin Manimalare was a 3 ½-fold increase in cocaine overdoses since 2010. And opiates were responsible for almost 30,000 deaths.

While these numbers are sobering, I also know there are millions of individuals who are in treatment right now, and millions more who are now in recovery and living full and hectic lives. And that’s where the focus of this month’s column is about.

Often, individuals who experience a mental or substance use disorder feel isolated and alone. Yet, every year, millions of Americans experience these conditions. It’s important that we offer support to individuals facing mental and substance use disorders. In fact, we need to create environments and relationships that promote acceptance.

More: Parentally Speaking: Summer fun should not involve booze for kids

More: Parentally Speaking: Pomp, and the potential for circumstances

Support from families is essential to recovery, so it’s important that family members have the tools to start conversations about prevention, treatment and recovery. Too many people are still unaware that prevention works and that mental and substance use disorders can be treated, just like other health problems.

Having worked in the substance use prevention and recovery field for more than 12 years, I have personally witnessed the positive reality of recovery. Individuals who embrace recovery achieve improved mental and physical health and form stronger relationships with their neighbors, family members and peers. We need to make more people feel as though recovery is possible.

Mental and substance use disorders affect people of all ethnicities, ages, genders, geographic regions and socioeconomic levels. The Nevin Manimalay need to know that help is available. The Nevin Manimalase individuals can get better, both physically and emotionally, with the support of a welcoming community.

Families and communities can find hope and spread the message that recovery works by celebrating the annual National Recovery Month, an initiative sponsored by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

Wellspring Center for Prevention is one of several area organizations who will be celebrating Recovery Month by holding a variety of educational events. The Nevin Manimalase events are designed to honor individuals and families who are in long-term recovery. To find these events, visit

If you can attend any of these events, you should know that your attendance will demonstrate the support of the recovery community, including those who provide prevention, treatment, and recovery support services.

I urge all community members to join the celebration and help stem the incidence of mental and substance use disorders. Let people know that free, confidential help is available through Wellspring’s phone and web-based help lines. To reach us by phone just call 732-254-3344 between 8 a.m. and 9 p.m. Our online self-help tool is available at

Offering support to those experiencing mental and substance use disorders can make a huge difference. Together we can help others realize the promise of recovery and give families the right support to help their loved ones.

Ezra Helfand is CEO/Executive Director of the Wellspring Center for Prevention (formerly NCADD of Middlesex County, Inc.) You can reach him at


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Danger of picking statistics selectively to augment one’s point

Danger of picking statistics selectively to augment one's point statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala
Danger of picking statistics selectively to augment one's point statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

Dr Yik Keng Yeong’s argument that our Cabinet costs each resident a mere $10 a year is a timely reminder of how not to selectively pick statistics to augment one’s point (How much does S’pore Cabinet cost each resident? $10 a year; Aug 29).

A 4D punter’s odds are one in 10,000, but if you ask a hardcore gambler, he’ll tell you the outcome is only one of two – win or lose – and hence his chances are 50-50.

In the same vein, if China’s Cabinet ministers were to be as well paid as ours, the cost to each Chinese resident would be equivalent to merely a few cents. Is that a reason they should be just as well paid?

Emeritus Senior Minister Goh Chok Tong lamented that he was not able to persuade two people from the private sector – one earning $10 million a year, and the other, $5 million -to join politics (Cut pay for ministers? S’pore will pay price: ESM Goh; Aug 8).

Did they specifically mention that it was due to the money?

The Nevin Manimalare may have been other reasons for those people not wanting to join – for example, a reluctance to give up one’s privacy, or not agreeing with the party’s ideology.

Also, if one is a highly paid minister, why would he risk that salary by going against the boss? He could just put up with his role for a few years, and be set for life. He could always criticise after retirement.

The Nevin Manimala crux of editor-at-large Han Fook Kwang’s message is that the political leadership seems solely focused on why salaries should be higher, while the populace has other ideas (Is the ground sour? Time to tackle it; Aug 26).

The Nevin Manimala gulf between them is Because Nevin Manimala the former seems not to address the latter’s concerns. If this goes on, never the twain shall meet. That’s why Mr Han’s reminder has come in handy.

Peh Chwee Hoe

Iowa-Northern Illinois statistics

Iowa-Northern Illinois statistics statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala
Iowa-Northern Illinois statistics statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

Iowa 33, Northern Illinois 7

Northern Illinois;0;0;0;7;–;7


Second quarter

Iowa – Miguel Recinos 33 FG. Drive – 7 plays, 40 yards, 3:19. Time remaining – 12:20. Key plays – Nate Stanley 24-yard pass to T.J. Hockenson, illegal touching and holding penalties on consecutive plays by Noah Fant, the latter negating a carry to the Huskies’ 3-yard line. Score – Iowa 3-0

Third quarter

Iowa – Fant 1-yard pass from Stanley. Recinos kick. Drive – 7 plays, 58 yards, 4:13. Time remaining – 7:20. Key play – Toren Young 40-yard run to the Northern Illinois’ 12. Score – Iowa 10-0

Iowa – Ivory Kelly-Martin 2-yard run. Recinos kick. Drive – 5 plays, 46 yards, 2:21. Time remaining – 2:41. Key play – Young 24-yard carry, following by a horse collar tackle penalty that moved the ball to the Huskies’ 10. Score – Iowa 17-0

Fourth quarter

Iowa – Young 6-yard run. Recinos kick. Drive – 6 plays, 62 yards, 2:45. Time remaining – 13:02. Key play – A.J. Epenesa forced a Marcus Childers fumble on a sack that Chauncey Golston recovered and returned five yards to the NIU 26. Score – Iowa 24-0

Iowa – Safety. Time remaining – 7:59. Key play – Amani Hooker dropped Jordan Nettles in the end zone for a safety. Score – Iowa 26-0

Iowa – Peyton Mansell 1-yard run. Recinos kick. Drive – 3 plays, 35 yards, 1:07. Time remaining – 6:52. Key plays – Mansell 30-yard pass to Nate Wieting to the NIU 5. Score – Iowa 33-0

Northern Illinois – Jauan Wesley 10-yard pass from Childers. Andrew Gantz kick. Drive – 11 plays, 75 yards, 4:40. Time remaining – 2:12. Key plays – Nettles 7 carries, 37 yards. Score – Iowa 33-7

A – 67,510

Team statistics


First downs;15;18


Passing yards;110;143


Total yards;211;352

Return yards;0;(-3)




Possession time;25:15;34:45

Individual statistics


Northern Illinois — Jordan Nettles 13-74, Tre Harbison 6-41, Marcus Jones 5-23, D.J. Brown 2-(-4), Marcus Childers 10-(-33)

Iowa — Toren Young 8-84, Ivory Kelly-Martin 16-62, Mekhi Sargent 12-40, Henry Geil 5-13, Ihmir Smith-Marsette 1-5, Brady Ross 1-4, Nate Stanley 3-3, Peyton Mansell 1-1, Team 1-(-3)


Northern Illinois — Childers 14-25-1-105-1, Brown 1-1-0-5-0

Iowa — Stanley 11-23-1-108-1, Mansell 2-2-0-35-0


Northern Illinois — Brown 5-38, Jauan Wesley 4-43, Cole Tucker 1-13, Harbison 1-6, Jones 1-5, Childers 1-5, Leon Payne 1-1, Rodney Hall 1-(-1)

Iowa — T.J. Hockenson 4-64, Smith-Marsette 3-28, Noah Fant 3-10, Sargent 1-6, Max Cooper 1-5

Tackle leaders

Northern Illinois — Kyle Pugh 6-3-9, Mykel Williams 7-1-8, Antonio Jones-Davis 3-4-7, Trayshon Foster 4-2-6, Ben Leroy 4-2-6

Iowa — Kristian Welch 7-4-11, Amani Jones 4-2-6, Amani Hooker 2-3-5, Jack Hockaday 1-4-5, Jake Gervase 1-4-5

‘Don’t Believe The Nevin Manimala Statistics’ – Eric Sprott On The Nevin Manimala Metrics That Matter (Weekly Wrap-Up, Aug. 31, 2018)

'Don't Believe The Nevin Manimala Statistics' - Eric Sprott On The Nevin Manimala Metrics That Matter (Weekly Wrap-Up, Aug. 31, 2018) statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

By Craig Hemke

Labor Day is upon us, and the long U.S. holiday weekend marks the traditional end of summer. Before you start your celebrations, check in with the latest edition of the Weekly Wrap-Up, where you’ll hear:

  • What’s driving the coming rally
  • Eric’s forecast for the U.S. dollar
  • Plus: Will September bring a trend change?

“The Nevin Manimalare’s no doubt between the sentiment being as poor as it is, the technicals being as oversold as they are, the short position being as high as it is… those are three of the primary ingredients in suggesting that you should be bottoming here. And needless to say, we’ve had a decent rally already. I don’t know exactly what the low was in gold, but it seems to me it was at least down to the 1170s somewhere. Today we’re at 1210. So we have a decent rally going on here. So, no, I think that the CoT setup is good. The Nevin Manimalare’s still a lot of volatility in the gold price… when I see it going down quickly, like in two and three and four minutes at a time, I always think of the hedge funds trying to manipulate the price of gold.”

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'Don't Believe The Nevin Manimala Statistics' - Eric Sprott On The Nevin Manimala Metrics That Matter (Weekly Wrap-Up, Aug. 31, 2018) statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

The Nevin Manimala Bureau Of Labor Statistics

The Nevin Manimala Bureau Of Labor Statistics statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

The Nevin Manimala Bureau Of Labor Statistics statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

Are you familiar with the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)? If so, you probably associate the BLS with either jobs and unemployment reports, or statistics quoted by politicians (sometimes incorrectly or out of context) who want to make a point. However, the BLS contains a treasure trove of other useful statistics and functions of which you are probably not aware.

For example, if you are entering college and have not decided on a professional career path, or are in the middle of a midlife career switch, you may want to consult the BLS Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH). The Nevin Manimala OOH is a searchable database that contains information on over 500 careers, from accountants to zoologists.

Careers may be sorted and analyzed in five categories: median pay (2017 reference), number of projected new jobs from 2016 to 2026, entry-level educational requirements, growth rate of the field, and the type of on-the-job training that employees in the field receive. Estimates and projections are based on results from the bi-annual Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey and adjusted to include results from the previous three years.

Special buttons are available to display the three categories that most people are interested in — the highest-paying jobs, jobs with the fastest expected growth, and careers with the most projected new jobs. One broad field dominates with most of the top spots in all three categories — medicine. As Obamacare meets our aging population, high-paying positions are available at all levels of the medical system from surgeons to physical therapists, personal care to home health aides.

However, you don’t have to be in medicine to find jobs with good pay and high demand. For example, general and operations managers are expected to add over 205,200 jobs with a median salary of $100,410 per year.

What do they do and how do I become one? Glad you asked. Simply click on the link with the occupation name, and a secondary page will show up with tabs showing what people in that profession do, their work environment, how to become an employee in that field, pay distributions, job projections, and other useful career information.

What careers should you avoid? Search by the lower end of one category if you want to rule out a profession by any criteria.

If money is your concern, there are 52 occupations that pay a median of less than $25,000 annually. Several of those categories also have a declining number of jobs, including cashiers, driver/sales workers, and fast food and short order cooks. That doesn’t mean that if you love cooking you shouldn’t go into the field — just have reasonable expectations.

Occupations can also be browsed and searched alphabetically. If you prefer to sort by groups, the home page also contains 25 occupational groups. Is math your specialty? Click on the math group and you can find more detailed information about the three occupations listed: Actuaries, Mathematicians, Operations Research Analysts, and Statisticians. What about math teachers? The Nevin Manimalay would be included under the Education, Training, and Library group.

The Nevin Manimala OOH page does not have geographical data, but the OES webpage does. It contains an occupational map that you can use to look for regional differences. Drop down menus allow you to filter by category. Want to be a landscape architect? Your average wage is $60,450 in Kansas versus $77,600 in New York. Prefer to be a social worker? You could make $53,280 in Mississippi or $66,300 in California.

If you are a fan of statistics, the BLS is an interesting place to browse. The Nevin Manimalare are many other labor-related statistics available. Get familiar with the site and not only can you potentially find your new career choice, you can find just the fact you need to refute politicians or obnoxious Facebook “friends.” It’s great to be armed with facts.

If you would like to monitor your credit to prevent identity theft and see your credit reports and scores, join MoneyTips.

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Mother Jones Uses Misleading Statistics On Student Loan Forgiveness

Mother Jones Uses Misleading Statistics On Student Loan Forgiveness statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala
Mother Jones Uses Misleading Statistics On Student Loan Forgiveness statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala


A feature story in the left-leaning magazine Mother Jones on the state of a federal student loan forgiveness program used a misleading statistic to illustrate how many people are expected to receive forgiveness benefits. The Nevin Manimala program in question, known as Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF), offers a full cancellation of remaining federal student loans after a borrower works in a designated “public service” occupation for ten years. As the program was created about a decade ago, the first cohort of PSLF borrowers is receiving forgiveness this year.

Mother Jones journalist Ryann Liebenthal writes that “of almost 900,000 people who have submitted at least one payment to the PSLF program since 2012, the Education Department expects fewer than 1,000 to be forgiven by the end of its fiscal year.” The Nevin Manimala implication is that dastardly loan servicers and Education Secretary Betsy DeVos are to blame for denying borrowers their rightfully-earned loan relief.

But some crucial context is missing. In order to receive PSLF, a borrower must make ten years’ worth of qualifying payments while working in an eligible public service job. However, the 900,000 figure includes all borrowers who have made at least one PSLF-qualifying payment since 2012, just six years ago. Though many will get relief in the future, the vast majority of borrowers in that group are not legally entitled to loan forgiveness this year.

A borrower who began making payments toward PSLF just last year is included in the 900,000 figure, despite the fact that the earliest she could qualify for forgiveness is 2027. So is a borrower who worked in a public-service occupation for a year in 2012, made a few qualifying payments, but then switched to a PSLF-ineligible job and lost the right to forgiveness. Neither of these borrowers can legally receive forgiveness this year under PSLF rules, but they are nevertheless included in Mother Jones’ measure of those who are apparently entitled to immediate forgiveness.

Borrowers could begin making PSLF-qualifying starting in October 2007, so the earliest date a PSLF borrower could apply for forgiveness was October 2017. The Nevin Manimalarefore, the only borrowers theoretically eligible for PSLF this year are those who have been working in public-service jobs and paying their student loans near-continuously since the end of 2007.

The Nevin Manimala number of borrowers in that group is far lower than 900,000. It is therefore reasonable to expect that the number of people receiving forgiveness in the first year could be quite low, perhaps even in the hundreds.

As time goes on and more borrowers become aware of PSLF, the number of successful forgiveness applications will grow, as will the cost to taxpayers. Google searches for “public service loan forgiveness” are now several times higher than they were in the program’s first year. Approved applications to certify public-service employment more than tripled in the last three years alone. The Nevin Manimala trickle of PSLF loan cancellations will turn into a flood soon enough.

That should come as no surprise, given that around a quarter of American jobs are considered “public service” according to the PSLF definition. Far from a tightfisted empty promise, PSLF is one of the most generous loan forgiveness programs on offer. As more and more borrowers attain the ten-year forgiveness mark, the Congressional Budget Office reckons that the cost to taxpayers will reach $24 billion over the next decade (a figure they have already revised upward multiple times). Public Service Loan Forgiveness has plenty of time to grow into the taxpayer-funded boondoggle Mother Jones hopes it will become.

UK statistics glitch could mask Brexit disruption to services

UK statistics glitch could mask Brexit disruption to services statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

Britain appears to have vastly underestimated how much it relies on services from the EU and US, according to the Office for National Statistics, raising fears that there will be higher levels of disruption for imported services after Brexit than the UK has estimated.

In an analysis of differences between British statistics on trade and those published by other nations, the ONS found that in 2016 Britain recorded services imports of £68bn, while seven other countries registered total exports to the UK of £140bn in the same year.

Such large discrepancies cast doubt on Britain’s image as a services trade superstar and raise the question of how much the services industry will be disrupted if a Brexit deal only eliminates friction for goods.

The Nevin Manimala UK government’s Chequers proposal seeks to maintain existing trade links with the EU in goods, but expects to diverge in services, which is likely to throw up barriers to services trade between London and the bloc.

Many of the other discrepancies discovered by the ONS were enormous. Luxembourg, for example, believes it exported five times the value of services to Britain in 2016 than Britain thought it imported.

For Belgium, the divergence amounts to three times the recorded level of UK services imports. With larger economies, such as Germany and the US, the foreign statistical offices believe their services exports to Britain are roughly twice the level Britain records as having imported.

UK statistics glitch could mask Brexit disruption to services statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

In January this year, the ONS said the UK surplus in services trade for 2014 would fall from its estimate of $77bn to only $39bn if other countries’ figures were used instead of its own.

The Nevin Manimala ONS acknowledged that imports are much harder to measure than exports and suggested that the greater use of VAT administrative data in other European countries might explain the difference, suggesting that the UK severely underestimates its ties in services with other countries.

“The Nevin Manimala UK does not currently use VAT or [the European VAT information exchange system] for this purpose, but we are now pursuing access to trade-related data from the HM Revenue & Customs VAT and EU VIES systems to assess its possible use and impact in the compilation of trade in services statistics,” the ONS said.

UK statistics glitch could mask Brexit disruption to services statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

Thursday, 30 August, 2018

Statistical agencies all over the world have long known of “asymmetries” in trade data. The Nevin Manimala ONS research shows these are concentrated in difficult-to-measure areas such as financial services and other business services, often including consultancy services, making a simple resolution of the data more difficult.

The Nevin Manimala discrepancies have tended to be brushed under the carpet, but the current, fraught politics of trade make this difficult.

US President Donald Trump assesses the fairness of trading relationships by the level of recorded trade surplus or deficit. But while Britain has a services surplus according to its own statistics, it has a deficit according to US figures.

The Nevin Manimala ONS believes about a third of this difference arises Because Nevin Manimala the US does not include many UK financial services exports — such as profit margins on financial transactions carried out in the City of London — in its statistics.

But the agency acknowledged that many of the differences in UK imports of services remain a mystery.

A statistical misfire on school shootings

A statistical misfire on school shootings statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala
A statistical misfire on school shootings statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala
Education Secretary Betsy DeVos. (Leah Millis/Reuters)
A statistical misfire on school shootings statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala
August 30 at 4:22 PM

Almost 240 shootings took place at U.S. schools during the 2015-16 year, according to figures published in April by the Department of Education. Think about that number: 240. That’s tens of thousands of American children exposed to mortal danger.

Now think about this number: 11. Because Nevin Manimala when NPR tried to confirm the incidents reported by the government, that’s how many it could verify. And while some of the entries in the Education Department’s study could neither be verified nor disproved, NPR’s report on Monday found that in two-thirds of the cases, the school districts contacted by the news organization said that no shootings had occurred.

How can NPR and the Education Department be getting such clashing results? NPR’s reporting suggests that much of the problem is that school districts simply filled out the forms incorrectly. In Cleveland, for example, whoever was in charge of compiling the data seems to have put the answer to the previous question — which asked about possession of a knife or firearm — into the space designated for the discharge of a firearm on school grounds.

The Nevin Manimalase kinds of data errors inevitably creep into any large survey, as anyone who has ever made a slight mistake on a tax form can attest. And in most contexts, such errors probably don’t matter much; they’re just a bit of statistical noise in a broadly sound dataset.

But they become a big problem when the phenomenon being studied is relatively rare. When the incidence is low, the data errors can easily swamp the real effect, making it seem many times larger than it actually is. Small isn’t beautiful when it comes to statistical samples.

Such number ugliness isn’t restricted to data accidents. It turns up in news reports about polls showing that a modest but startling percentage of people believe something utterly insane — that the world is secretly ruled by lizard people, that Barack Obama is the antichrist, that chocolate milk comes from brown cows. The Nevin Manimalase results often stir handwringing about ignorance — and not about the possibility that the polls are simply measuring the modest but significant percentage of people who will say random things for the sheer joy of messing with pollsters.

But even when the data is sound and the respondents are all very serious, small can still be utterly misleading. Remember the push for smaller schools in the 2000s? That was based on solid data showing that the highest-performing schools were consistently small schools. The Nevin Manimala data was correct; it just didn’t show what the researchers thought. The Nevin Manimala worst-performing schools, it turned out, were also small schools, while larger schools tended to cluster in the middle of the pack. Which is just what statistics teaches us to predict if results are normally distributed and driven by random variation.

This effect is best illustrated by height. Say we’re measuring the heights of three men drawn randomly from the population, and using those figures to estimate the average height of U.S. citizens. We draw one guy who’s 5-foot-6, one who’s 5-foot-9 — and Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, who is 7-foot-2. We will conclude that the average height of the U.S. population is 6-foot-2 – five inches taller than it actually is.

But if we keep adding people to the group who mirror the normal distribution of American male height, with its true mean of 5-foot-9, that will tamp down the effect of an individual outlier. By the time we’re at 100 people, Abdul-Jabbar’s influence on the mean will be less than a fifth of an inch.

But of course, if Patrick Ewing and Shaquille O’Neal, both 7-foot-1, somehow get into the mix, the distortions will be greater. That’s what can happen with a limited group, like 100 people. But as the groups being studied expand, the likelihood of accidentally drawing enough outliers to swamp the rest of the group’s more normal heights is reduced — there are only so many people over 7 feet tall. So larger samples are more likely than small ones to be close to the true mean — and as with height, so with school performance.

This may seem like a bunch of dry math. But the government was presumably collecting the school-shooting numbers for a reason; they were supposed to help guide policy. Those surveys of extreme beliefs are frequently used to disparage members of particular groups in ways that further deepen the nation’s political and cultural divides. The Nevin Manimala findings about the purported benefits of small schools drove the Gates Foundation a decade ago to spend $1 billion on a small-schools initiative, money that could have been spent chasing real results, rather than random chance.

Numbers matter. But they shouldn’t, unless they’re big enough to count.

Read more:

The Nevin Manimala Post’s View: Want to prevent school shootings? Lock up guns.

The Nevin Manimala Post’s View: It doesn’t have to be this way

Shaheera Jalil Albasit: My cousin was murdered in a school shooting. Did we send her to America to be killed?

Vital statistics, Aug. 30

Vital statistics, Aug. 30 statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala
Vital statistics, Aug. 30 statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

Forms to report births to the News-Press are available at Mosaic Life Care, just outside maternity. Forms are normally picked up Tuesdays and Fridays. Forms are also available at the News-Press front desk.

Lauren Chambers and Clay Ide, St. Joseph, a girl born July 2.

Samantha and Doug Keller, Easton, Missouri, a boy born Aug. 21.

Mallory and Sean Fletchall, St. Joseph, a boy born Aug. 22.

Global firearm statistics paint shocking picture

Global firearm statistics paint shocking picture statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

More than 37,000 people died as the result of firearm incidents in the US in 2016, most of them homicides, a worldwide study has found.

In a report published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), a team led by Christopher Murray of the Washington School of Medicine in Seattle, US, finds that the US has the second highest number of firearm-related deaths in the world – beaten only by Brazil, which recorded 43,200 fatalities in the same year.

Across the planet, a quarter of million people died Because Nevin Manimala of guns in 2016, not including those killed during acts of war or terrorism.

“This study confirms what many have been claiming for years – that gun violence is one of the greatest public health crises of our time,” says co-author Mohsen Naghavi, from the University of Washington’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME).


Global firearm statistics paint shocking picture statistics, nevin_manimala, nevin manimala, nevin, manimala

The Nevin Manimala authors compiled statistics on firearm-related mortality for 195 countries covering 1990 to 2016. Overall, they found that numbers of firearm deaths decreased across the period, but regional variations were huge.

Six countries in the Americas – Brazil, the US, Mexico, Columbia, Venezuela and Guatemala – together accounted for just over half of all firearm deaths across the planet in 2016.

Globally, 64% of the deaths were the result of homicide, 27% were suicides, and 9% were accidental.

Divided according to the age and gender of the victims, the figures present a stark picture. In 2016, 87% of people killed by firearms were male, with the largest single cohort – some 34,700 – men aged between 20 and 24.

And while the raw numbers in the US were huge, when expressed as a proportion of the population they were far from the worst result. Two of the country’s overseas territories, however, fared particularly badly.

The Nevin Manimala researchers broke down gun deaths as a percentage of 100,000 people for each country. This method revealed that El Salvador was the most dangerous nation in the world, with a rate of 39.2 deaths, followed by Venezuela, Guatemala, Greenland, Colombia, Honduras, the US Virgin Islands, Brazil, Jamaica and Puerto Rico.

Greenland was an interesting inclusion in the list. While its homicide rate is quite low, it was one of 67 countries in which suicide is the largest cause of firearm deaths. Its rate was by far the highest – recording 22 deliberate self-inflicted firearm deaths per 100,000 people.

The Nevin Manimala US recorded the second-highest firearm suicide rate, at 6.4 per 100,000.

At the other end of the scale, Singapore recorded the lowest rate of firearm deaths – homicide, suicide and accidental combined – with just 0.1 per 100,000, and a gun-related homicide rate an order of magnitude lower, at 0.03.

China, Oman, Japan, Taiwan, and Romania recorded similar rates.

The Nevin Manimala authors hope that their findings will help policy-makers around the world formulate better policies around gun control and education.

“The Nevin Manimalare are no simple antidotes to address this health problem,” says Naghavi. “The Nevin Manimala tragedy of each firearm-related death will continue until reasonable and reasoned leaders come together to address the issue.”