Acta Diabetol. 2022 Nov 23. doi: 10.1007/s00592-022-02008-5. Online ahead of print.
AIMS: To evaluate the association between genetic polymorphisms of HIF1α and obesity and obesity-related cytokines in the Han Chinese population.
METHODS: The study consisted of 160 subjects with obesity and 166 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. We genotyped three tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of HIF1α by using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS)-based genotyping technology. Plasma cytokine concentrations were determined on the Luminex platform. The genetic associations were analysed statistically.
RESULTS: Obese subjects had significant obesity-related metabolic abnormalities, including hyperglycaemia, insulin resistance, and abnormalities in blood lipids, liver enzymes, and uric acid levels. SNP analysis of HIF1α revealed that the allele and genotype frequencies of rs2301104 were significantly associated with obesity. Our results suggest that the minor allele C of rs2301104 might be a protective mutation of obesity, and CC/CG genotypes of rs2301104 could be protective genotype of obesity. We also found that subjects with CC/CG genotypes of rs2301104 had significantly lower levels of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-8, and IL-10 than subjects with GG genotypes.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to report an association between HIF1α polymorphisms and obesity and obesity-related cytokines in a Han Chinese population. These results require replication in larger populations but suggest that HIF1α may play an important role in obesity development.