Nevin Manimala Statistics

Evidence for the Cusp Effect in η’ Decays into ηπ^{0}π^{0}

Phys Rev Lett. 2023 Feb 24;130(8):081901. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.081901.


Using a sample of 4.3×10^{5} η^{‘}→ηπ^{0}π^{0} events selected from the ten billion J/ψ event dataset collected with the BESIII detector, we study the decay η^{‘}→ηπ^{0}π^{0} within the framework of nonrelativistic effective field theory. Evidence for a structure at π^{+}π^{-} mass threshold is observed in the invariant mass spectrum of π^{0}π^{0} with a statistical significance of around 3.5σ, which is consistent with the cusp effect as predicted by the nonrelativistic effective field theory. After introducing the amplitude for describing the cusp effect, the ππ scattering length combination a_{0}-a_{2} is determined to be 0.226±0.060_{stat}±0.013_{syst}, which is in good agreement with theoretical calculation of 0.2644±0.0051.

PMID:36898113 | DOI:10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.081901

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