Dimens Crit Care Nurs. 2022 May-Jun 01;41(3):124-131. doi: 10.1097/DCC.0000000000000522.
BACKGROUND: A major academic medical center in the Midwest has expanded their extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) program from 8 ECMO cases in 2014 to 97 ECMO cases in 2017. The Extracorporeal Life Support Organization states that standardized policies, procedures, and standards of care are necessary for an ECMO center to be successful.
LOCAL PROBLEM: With the rapid growth of the ECMO program, this medical center has chosen to transition nurses and respiratory therapists into the role of ECMO specialist to bridge the gap in care created by the influx in patients. Currently, no specific set of policies/procedures or standards of care exist for ECMO patients. The primary objective of this study is to improve the self-efficacy of ECMO specialists and bedside nurses through the development of a comprehensive ECMO program that includes standardized policies and procedures, order sets, and evidence-based patient management guidelines.
METHODS/IMPLEMENTATION: The General Self-Efficacy Survey was used to assess the self-efficacy of both the ECMO specialists and the bedside nurses before implementation of the program. An ECMO manual was created that contained education on veno-arterial and veno-venous ECMO, policies and procedures, and patient management guidelines. An EPIC order set was created to ensure the correct protocols and management guidelines were ordered for all ECMO patients. Postimplementation self-efficacy surveys, direct observations, and chart audits occurred to assess program fidelity.
RESULTS: The self-efficacy was assessed of the ECMO specialists and beside nurses 4 months after implementation of policies, procedures, patient management guidelines, and an ECMO order set. The ECMO specialists’ self-efficacy survey responses increased by 25% and the bedside nurses’ self-efficacy survey responses increased by 27% after 4 months. Direct observation of ECMO specialist handoff to ensure protocol fidelity also occurred. There was a 40% increase in ECMO specialist handoff taking place and a 72% increase in ECMO circuit examination.
CONCLUSIONS: With the significant growth of ECMO patients, policies, protocols, and management guidelines are essential to provide safe care to these patients. There was a statistically significant improvement in the self-efficacy of both the ECMO specialists and bedside nurses. This was shown to directly correlate to an improvement in professional practice behaviors and ultimately improve the quality of patient care provided to ECMO patients.
PMID:36749860 | DOI:10.1097/DCC.0000000000000522