Psychol Health Med. 2021 Mar 10:1-12. doi: 10.1080/13548506.2021.1898003. Online ahead of print.
This descriptive study aimed to determine patients’ sexual dysfunction and quality of life before and after liver transplantation. The study was conducted with 64 patients who underwent liver transplantation at a university hospital between January 2015 and 2019. The patients were aged 18 or over, able to answer relevant questions and volunteered to participate in the study. The population of the study included patients who underwent liver transplantation on the specified dates and agreed to participate in the study. Descriptive Characteristics Form, Short Form-36 (SF-36), Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) were used for data collection. A significant increase was found in all subscale scores of males on the IIEF scale after transplantation (p = 0.000). The total FSFI score of the females was 24.27 ± 18.60 before transplantation and 29.62 ± 25.19 after transplantation. The results were not statistically significant (p = 0.072). After transplantation, a highly significant increase was observed in the Physical Component Summary and Mental Component Summary subscale scores of the SF-36 both in males and females (p = 0.000). An increase was observed in the sexual functions of males and females after transplantation. A statistically significant increase was found in the mean scores of both males and females on the quality of life after transplantation (p = 0.000). This study concluded that sexual functions of male (p < 0.05) and female (p > 0.05) patients improved after transplantation.