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Can Patella Instability After Total Knee Arthroplasty be Treated With Medial Patellofemoral Ligament Reconstruction?

Arthroplast Today. 2022 Jun 4;16:130-139. doi: 10.1016/j.artd.2022.04.006. eCollection 2022 Aug.


BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe outcomes of patients who had undergone medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction (MPFLr) to treat patellofemoral instability (PFI) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective case series of consecutive patients treated for PFI after TKA. Patients were included if they had radiographic documentation of patella dislocation or subluxation and component position was adequate. MPFLr was performed using a quadriceps tendon autograft. The graft was fixed with either an interference or additional suspensory fixation. A tibial tubercle osteotomy was performed in select indications. Patients were assessed with Kujala and International Knee Score (IKS) at a minimum 12-month follow-up and radiographically with plain radiographs.

RESULTS: A total of 22 patients (23 procedures) were included. The mean follow-up period was 38 months (range 12-72). Average preoperative femoral component rotation on computed tomography was 0.10° external rotation (range 3° internal rotation to 3° external rotation). All patients had improved clinical and radiographic outcomes postoperatively. At the last follow-up, the mean IKS knee score was 77.6 ± 13.1, mean IKS function score was 75.2 ± 23.3, and mean Kujala score was 60.2/100 ± 10.9. There was 1 mechanical failure, which occurred following MPFLr with interference fixation. There were 6 complications (28.1%) postoperatively. Patients receiving double fixation of the MPFLr graft had higher clinical and radiographic scores; however, this difference was not statistically significant. MPFLr had a patella-lowering effect, 0.97 preoperatively to 0.74 postoperatively (P = .069).

CONCLUSION: MPFLr in appropriately selected patients is a satisfactory option to treat PFI following TKA.

PMID:35677944 | PMC:PMC9168055 | DOI:10.1016/j.artd.2022.04.006

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