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Response surface model comparison and combinations for remifentanil and propofol in describing response to esophageal instrumentation and adverse respiratory events

J Formos Med Assoc. 2022 Jun 6:S0929-6646(22)00216-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jfma.2022.05.011. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: The primary aim of this essay was to explore the best fitting model in remifentanil-propofol combined administrations during esophageal instrumentation (EI) from five distinct response surface models. The secondary aim was to combine the models to give appropriate effect-site drug concentrations (Ces) range with maximal comfort and safety.

METHODS: The Greco, reduced Greco, Minto, Scaled C50 Hierarchy and Fixed C50 Hierarchy models were constructed to fit four drug effects: loss of response to esophageal instrumentation (LREI), loss of response to esophageal instrumentation revised (LREIR), intolerable ventilatory depression (IVD) and respiratory compromise (RC). Models were tested by chi-square statistical test and evaluated with Akaike Information Criterion (AIC). Model prediction performance were measured by successful prediction rate (SPR) and three prediction errors.

RESULTS: The reduced Greco model was the best fitting model for LREI and RC, and the Minto model was the best fitting model for LREIR and IVD. The SPRs of reduced Greco model for LREI and RC were 81.76% and 79.81%. The SPRs of Minto model for LREIR and IVD were 80.32% and 80.12%. Overlay of the reduced Greco model for LREI and Minto model for IVD offered visual aid for guidance in drug administration.

CONCLUSIONS: Using proper response surface model to fit different drug effects will describe the interactions between anesthetic drugs better. Combining response surface models to select the more reliable effect-site drug concentrations range can be used to guide clinical drug administration with greater safety and provide an improvement of anesthesia precision.

PMID:35680472 | DOI:10.1016/j.jfma.2022.05.011

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