IEEE Trans Cybern. 2022 Jun 10;PP. doi: 10.1109/TCYB.2022.3165879. Online ahead of print.
Fuzzy membership is an effective approach used in twin support vector machines (SVMs) to reduce the effect of noise and outliers in classification problems. Fuzzy twin SVMs (TWSVMs) assign membership weights to reduce the effect of outliers, however, it ignores the positioning of the input data samples and hence fails to distinguish between support vectors and noise. To overcome this issue, intuitionistic fuzzy TWSVM combined the concept of intuitionistic fuzzy number with TWSVMs to reduce the effect of outliers and distinguish support vectors from noise. Despite these benefits, TWSVMs and intuitionistic fuzzy TWSVMs still suffer from some drawbacks as: 1) the local neighborhood information is ignored among the data points and 2) they solve quadratic programming problems (QPPs), which is computationally inefficient. To overcome these issues, we propose a novel intuitionistic fuzzy weighted least squares TWSVMs for classification problems. The proposed approach uses local neighborhood information among the data points and also uses both membership and nonmembership weights to reduce the effect of noise and outliers. The proposed approach solves a system of linear equations instead of solving the QPPs which makes the model more efficient. We evaluated the proposed intuitionistic fuzzy weighted least squares TWSVMs on several benchmark datasets to show the efficiency of the proposed model. Statistical analysis is done to quantify the results statistically. As an application, we used the proposed model for the diagnosis of Schizophrenia disease.