BMC Surg. 2022 Jun 11;22(1):223. doi: 10.1186/s12893-022-01671-3.
BACKGROUND: To investigate the correlation between physical characteristics and disease of cervical lymph node biopsy specimens after contrast-enhanced ultrasound.
METHODS: All patients were biopsied after CEUS, 235 patients were divided into three groups A, B and C according to the physical characteristics of specimens: 92 patients in group A were complete tissue specimens; 113 patients in group B were discontinuous tissue specimens. There were 30 patients in group C, including a small number of tissue and floc, purulent and bloody specimens. Pathological examination, pathogen culture examination and Gene X-Pert MIB examination were completed for all patients in the three groups, and statistical analysis was conducted on the integrity and traits of the specimens.
RESULTS: Group A included 92 intact tissue specimens, 21 with reactive hyperplasia, 17 with lymphoma, 12 with metastatic carcinoma, 13 with lymphadenopathy, 15 with necrotizing lymphadenitis, and rare lymphadenopathy. In group B, 113 patients were treated with intermittent tissue specimens, including infected lymph nodes, lymphoma in 1 case, metastatic carcinoma in 3 cases and sarcoidosis in 1 case. There were 30 patients in group C, including a small amount of tissue and floc, purulent and bloody specimens, all of which were infected lymph nodes. The χ2 value of malignant and benign lymph nodes was 42.401, p = 0.000.
CONCLUSION: The physical characteristics of cervical lymph node biopsy specimens after CEUS are correlated with the disease, which has guiding significance for postoperative specimen selection.