Int Urol Nephrol. 2022 Jun 11. doi: 10.1007/s11255-022-03192-7. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have an associated burden of coronary artery disease, including chronic total occlusions (CTO). It is unclear how the presence of CKD affects the outcomes of CTO revascularization. Previous reviews have not taken into account all relevant published studies that examined the association of CKD with outcomes of CTO revascularization.
METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases for studies investigating patients with or without CKD who also had coronary chronic total occlusion undergoing revascularization procedures Statistical analysis was performed using STATA software. Effect sizes were reported as pooled relative risk (RR).
RESULTS: A total of 13 studies were included. CKD patients showed elevated risk of in-hospital mortality (RR 4.25, 95% CI 2.64, 6.82) and mortality at latest follow-up (RR 3.24, 95% CI 2.56, 4.11), elevated risk of major cardio or cerebrovascular events (RR 1.65, 95% CI 1.38, 1.98), major bleeding (RR 2.85, 95% CI 1.96, 4.13), and contrast-induced acute kidney injury (RR 3.06, 95% CI 1.70, 5.52). CKD patients also showed lower chances of technical success (RR 0.95, 95% CI 0.91, 1.00).
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of CKD increases the risk of mortality, complications and adversely affects the success of CTO revascularization. Patients with CKD undergoing revascularization should have their kidney function comprehensively evaluated and these patients should be carefully monitored.