Nevin Manimala Statistics

The relationship between corneal biomechanical parameters and treatment outcomes of orthokeratology lenses

BMC Ophthalmol. 2022 Jun 11;22(1):262. doi: 10.1186/s12886-022-02480-1.


BACKGROUND: To evaluate changes in corneal biomechanical properties after long-term orthokeratology (OK) treatment and the factors affecting treatment outcomes.

METHODS: Twenty-four myopic teenagers who wore OK lenses for more than 1 year were included. Twenty-three individuals of the same age and with the same spherical equivalent wearing single-vision spectacles (SVS) were enrolled as controls. After routine eye examinations, corneal biomechanical properties and axial length were measured. Parameters were compared between groups.

RESULTS: Less axial elongation (AE) occurred in the OK group (P = 0.021). The OK group experienced a statistically significant decrease in the A1 deformation amplitude (P = 0.02), whole eye movement maximum (P = 0.026), and Ambrósio’s relational thickness to the horizontal profile (ARTh) (P < 0.001), and a statistically significant increase in the pachyslope (P < 0.001) and Corvis biomechanical index (P < 0.001). Smaller ARTh and a larger highest concavity deflection area resulted in a better refractive state. The inhibitory effect of AE was better for older patients with smaller ARTh.

CONCLUSIONS: Long-term OK treatment slowed myopia progression by reshaping the cornea. Smaller ARTh after OK lens wear indicated a better refractive state and slower AE and could predict OK lens treatment outcomes.

PMID:35690754 | DOI:10.1186/s12886-022-02480-1

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