Nevin Manimala Statistics

A low-intensity behavioral intervention for depression in older adults delivered by lay coaches: proof-of-concept trial

Aging Ment Health. 2022 Jun 11:1-8. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2022.2084709. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: A broader workforce is necessary to expand U.S. geriatric mental health services. We examined (1) feasibility of training undergraduate students to deliver Do More, Feel Better (DMFB), an evidence-informed program for depression; and (2) feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes in a single-arm proof-of-concept trial.

METHOD: In Study 1, we taught DMFB to 18 upper-level undergraduate students and assessed fidelity using role plays. In Study 2, four students delivered six weekly DMFB sessions to 12 community-dwelling older adults (M = 66.83 years old, SD = 10.39) with depression (PHQ ≥ 10). Patient outcomes were change in pre- to post-treatment depressive symptoms, disability, and the target mechanism of increased activity.

RESULTS: Fidelity was high in the course (Study 1; 82.4% of role plays rated as ‘passing’) and the trial (Study 2; 100% of 24 sessions rated as ‘passing’). The majority (83.3%) of patients were retained and evidenced statistically and clinically significant improvement in depressive symptoms (Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression [HAM-D]), disability (World Health Organization’s Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 [WHODAS 2.0], and activity (Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale [BADS]).

CONCLUSION: It is feasible to train bachelor’s-level students to deliver a brief, structured intervention for depression. Future research should consider implementation strategies and stakeholder feedback.

PMID:35694856 | DOI:10.1080/13607863.2022.2084709

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala