Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2022 Jun 9;57(6):611-617. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112144-20210716-00332.
Objective: To analyze the external root resorption of incisors caused by maxillary canine impaction, and to explore the changes of incisor external root resorption after orthodontic treatment. Methods: Twenty-four patients with impacted maxillary canines leading to external root resorption of incisors treated in Department of Orthodontics, Affiliated Hospital of Stomatology, Nanjing Medical University from July 2011 to January 2019 were selected. The age ranged from 10 to 14 years [(12.3±1.6) years], including 11 males and 14 females. The maxillary incisors with external root resorption before treatment were included in the resorption group (21 central incisors and 22 lateral incisors), and the maxillary incisors without external root resorption were used as the control group (26 central incisors and 21 lateral incisors). Cone-beam CT was taken before treatment, immediately after treatment and one year after treatment. At the one year follow-up 15 patients were collected (10 central incisors and 12 lateral incisors in the resorption group, while 16 central incisors and 12 lateral incisors in the control group). The root length and tooth volume of maxillary incisors were measured and analyzed before canine traction, after canine traction finished and at the one year follow-up. Results: After the treatment of maxillary impacted canines, the root length and volume of the central and lateral incisors in both resorption group and control group were significantly less than that before treatment (P<0.05). At the one year follow-up, the root length and volume of the incisors (central incisors in the resorption group and the central and lateral incisors in control group) were significantly less than those immediately after impacted canine traction (P<0.05). During the canine traction, the difference of the volume change in lateral incisors between the resorption group [(17±6) mm3] and the control group [(12±5) mm3] was statistically significant (t=2.51, P<0.05). During the one year follow-up period, the difference between the changes of the root length in maxillary central incisors in the resorption group [(0.5±0.4) mm] and in the control group [(0.2±0.1) mm] was statistically significant (t=2.35, P<0.05). Conclusions: For maxillary incisors with external root resorption caused by impacted maxillary canines, the external root resorption could not stop immediately after the treatment of impacted canines. The root resorption in maxillary lateral incisors mainly occured during the traction process, while the root resorption in maxillary central incisors existed during the orthodontic treatment and in the follow-up period.