J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2022 Jun 14. doi: 10.1089/lap.2022.0102. Online ahead of print.
Introduction: Many studies focus on comparing outcomes of the open method for inguinal hernia repair (IHR) and the laparoscopic method. However, few studies compare different laparoscopic techniques. With over a dozen different techniques described in the literature for laparoscopic IHR, significant opportunities exist to study the efficacy of each technique. We investigated outcomes of a subcutaneous endoscopically assisted transfixion ligation (SEATL) technique and a percutaneous internal ring suturing (PIRS). Materials and Methods: After receiving institutional review board approval, we completed a retrospective chart review of IHR performed at our pediatric tertiary care center between September 2015 and May 2020. We included all patients under the age of 18 years. We separated laparoscopic repairs from total repairs. Laparoscopic repairs were further divided into their respective techniques. Factors involving patient demographics, operative details, and postoperative complications were statistically analyzed using SPSS. Results: There was a total of 131 IHRs performed with SEATL and 124 IHRs performed with PIRS. Median operative time (minutes) differed significantly (P = .001) with SEATL at 49 (28-66) and PIRS at 55 (37-76)] minutes. Significantly more incarcerated hernias were repaired with PIRS (n = 13) than with SEATL (n = 3, P = .006). SEATL had a higher number of postoperative complications; the most significant were granulomas (n = 3, P = .09) and recurrent hernias (n = 12, P < .001). Conclusion: SEATL had a significantly higher number of postoperative complications. This may be a result of multiple factors including but not limited to the absence of electrocautery, a shorter median operative time, and utilization of absorbable suture. Modifications have been made to this technique to reduce risk of postoperative complications.