Orthopedics. 2022 Jun 13:1-6. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20220608-01. Online ahead of print.
Manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) frequently has been used as a first-line treatment to restore functional range of motion after unsuccessful physical therapy. Although there are studies reporting that MUA assisted in restoring range of motion, there is a paucity of literature on the influence of MUA on the risk of revision TKA. The goal of our study was to determine whether MUA was associated with an increase in the rate of revision TKA within 2 years of MUA. A total of 49,310 patients within a single institution who underwent primary TKA were identified from 1999 to 2019. Data were matched at a 1:3 ratio (TKA with and without MUA, respectively) based on age, sex, and body mass index. A matched comparison cohort was conducted, with the MUA cohort having 575 patients and the no MUA cohort having 1725 patients. A statistically significant increase in the rate of noninfectious etiology revision TKA was found in the MUA cohort (7.3%) compared with the no MUA cohort (4.9%; P=.034). The most common reason for revision TKA after MUA was persistent stiffness, including arthrofibrosis and ankylosis; however, aseptic loosening, ligamentous instability, and periprosthetic fracture were found to be responsible for 21.4% of revision TKA procedures. Although MUA is a commonly performed procedure for treating stiffness after primary TKA, the orthopedic surgeon should counsel patients on the association of increased rate of revision TKA after MUA, most commonly, persistent stiffness. [Orthopedics. 20XX;XX(X):xx-xx.].