Vopr Kurortol Fizioter Lech Fiz Kult. 2022;99(3):10-15. doi: 10.17116/kurort20229903110.
The increase in the number of cerebral strokes is accompanied by the accumulation of patients with hemiparesis. It is especially difficult to restore the function of the upper limb, in particular the hand, which significantly limits the social, domestic and labor adaptation of patients. This makes it relevant to search for new methods for restoring the functions of the hand. Today, mirror therapy is becoming increasingly popular, which, however, does not eliminate myogenic contractures in the joints of a paralyzed limb.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Rationale for the use of mirror therapy in combination with myofascial stretching and postisometric relaxation in patients with hemiparesis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: 277 patients with hemiparesis were examined, of which 68 patients were included in the main group; 209 – to the comparison group. All patients underwent a course of rehabilitation treatment for 10 days. Patients of the main group additionally received mirror therapy in combination with myofascial stretching and post-isometric relaxation: course – 10 individual sessions, session duration – 30 minutes. Upon admission and before discharge, patients were evaluated for neurological status, severity of spastic and pain syndromes; the strength of the muscles of the paralyzed upper limb according to the Lovett scale; tested self-service skills in accordance with the International Classification of Functioning, Disabilities and Health.
RESULTS: In patients of both groups, the severity of spastic and pain syndromes decreased, muscle strength increased. In the main group, these changes were more pronounced; 35 patients of the main group mastered new types of grip, which statistically significantly improved their social adaptability.
CONCLUSION: Mirror therapy in combination with soft manual therapy techniques is able to restore precise targeted movements in the joints of the hand and fingers, form different grip options, which expands the possibilities of self-care for patients.