Nevin Manimala Statistics

A generalised smoothing approach for continuous, planar, inverse kinematics problems

J Biomech. 2022 May 30:111158. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2022.111158. Online ahead of print.


Bayesian methods have recently been proposed to solve inverse kinematics problems for marker based motion capture. The objective is to find the posterior distribution, a probabilistic summary of our knowledge and corresponding uncertainty about the model parameters such as joint angles, segment angles, segment translations, and marker positions. To date, Bayesian inverse kinematics models have focused on a frame by frame solution, which if repeatedly applied gives estimates that are discontinuous in time. We propose to overcome this limitation for continuous, planar inverse kinematics problems via the use of finite basis representations to model latent kinematic quantities as smooth, continuous functions. Our generalised smoothing approach is able to accurately approximate the solution to planar inverse kinematics problems defined by simple systems of ordinary differential equations in addition to considerably more complex systems such as a planar analysis of human gait. Improvements in accuracy are considerable with a decrease in average RMSE of 0.025 rad observed when estimating ankle joint angle for a randomly selected running stride with the proposed generalised smoothing approach compared to previous time-independent approaches. In addition, the generalised smoothing approach is able to effectively estimate kinematic parameters in the presence of missing data along with derivatives of kinematic quantities without the need for prior filtering or gap-filling of data.

PMID:35710465 | DOI:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2022.111158

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