Nevin Manimala Statistics

Characterization of Novel Pathogenic Variants Leading to Caspase-8 Cleavage-Resistant RIPK1-Induced Autoinflammatory Syndrome

J Clin Immunol. 2022 Jun 18. doi: 10.1007/s10875-022-01298-2. Online ahead of print.


Pathogenic RIPK1 variants have been described as the cause of two different inborn errors of immunity. Biallelic loss-of-function variants cause the recessively inherited RIPK1 deficiency, while monoallelic variants impairing the caspase-8-mediated RIPK1 cleavage provoke a novel autoinflammatory disease (AID) called cleavage-resistant RIPK1-induced autoinflammatory (CRIA) syndrome. The aim of this study was to characterize the pathogenicity of two novel RIPK1 variants located at the cleavage site of caspase-8 detected in patients with dominantly-inherited, early-onset undefined AID. RIPK1 genotyping was performed by Sanger and next-generation sequencing. Clinical and analytical data were collected from medical charts, and in silico and in vitro assays were performed to evaluate the functional consequences. Genetic analyses identified two novel heterozygous RIPK1 variants at the caspase-8 cleavage site (p.Leu321Arg and p.Asp324Gly), which displayed a perfect intrafamilial phenotype-genotype segregation following a dominant inheritance pattern. Structural analyses suggested that these variants disrupt the normal RIPK1 structure, probably making it less accessible to and/or less cleavable by caspase-8. In vitro experiments confirmed that the p.Leu321Arg and p.Asp324Gly RIPK1 variants were resistant to caspase-8-mediated cleavage and induced a constitutive activation of necroptotic pathway in a similar manner that previously characterized RIPK1 variants causing CRIA syndrome. All these results strongly supported the pathogenicity of the two novel RIPK1 variants and the diagnosis of CRIA syndrome in all enrolled patients. Moreover, the evidences here collected expand the phenotypic and genetic diversity of this recently described AID, and provide interesting data about effectiveness of treatments that may benefit future patients.

PMID:35716229 | DOI:10.1007/s10875-022-01298-2

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala