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Effectiveness and Safety of Idarucizumab for Periprocedural Cardiac Tamponade After Catheter Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation in Dabigatran Recipients: A Retrospective Controlled Study

Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2022 Jun 18. doi: 10.1007/s40256-022-00536-7. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness and safety of idarucizumab for periprocedural cardiac tamponade after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients treated with dabigatran.

METHODS: We retrospectively studied 28 patients who received catheter ablation of AF and developed periprocedural cardiac tamponade. Patients were divided into two groups: control group (14 cases) and the study group (14 cases). Patients in the control group were administered warfarin bridged with low molecular weight heparin, while patients in the study group were given dabigatran for anticoagulation. Heparin was used for anticoagulation during surgery in both groups. Patients with cardiac tamponade in control group was reversed with protamine and the ones in study group were given protamine and idarucizumab. In the two groups, operative time, time to resume anticoagulation, bleeding time, length of hospital stay, hemodynamic parameters, coagulation function parameters, number of patients undergoing thoracotomy for hemostasis, pericardiocentesis drainage volume, and pericardial drainage retention time were recorded.

RESULTS: There was no statistical difference in operative time and length of hospital stay between the two groups (p > 0.05); however, time to resume anticoagulation and bleeding time were significantly lower in the study group than in the control group, with a statistical difference (p < 0.05). After anticoagulation therapy, there was no apparent change and no statistical difference in the hemodynamic parameters and SaO2 between the two groups (p > 0.05). The pericardial drainage volume retention time was significantly shorter in the study group than in the control group, with a statistical difference (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Idarucizumab can rapidly and effectively reverse the anticoagulant effect of dabigatran in patients with AF who have periprocedural cardiac tamponade after catheter ablation.

PMID:35717554 | DOI:10.1007/s40256-022-00536-7

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