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The evaluation of changes in maxillofacial bones using cone beam tomography in acromegaly

Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2022 Jun 19:25280. doi: 10.4317/medoral.25280. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the changes in craniofacial dimensions of newly diagnosed and untreated acromegaly patients, patients with non-functional pituitary adenoma and healthy individuals on Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: 50 newly diagnosed acromegaly patients who did not receive any treatment for acromegaly were included in the study (Group A). Twenty patients with nonfunctional pituitary adenoma (Group B) and 30 healthy individuals were included (Group C). Linear, angular and volumetric measurements were performed.

RESULTS: Mandibular length showed significant difference in acromegaly patients, and maxillar length statistically significant difference was found between the A-B and B-C (p> 0,05), no difference was found between the A-C (p<0,05). SNB and ANB angle was statistically different in all groups, while SNA angle was statistically different between group A-C and B-C. In volumetric measurements, a statistically significant difference was found between groups a-c and groups A-B (p< 0,05), no difference was found between groups B-C (p>0,05).

CONCLUSIONS: CBCT measurements showed that mandibular volume and length were increased in the acromegaly group compared to the group B-C. Present study is the first research that compares acromegaly patients in respect to changes in maxillofacial dimensions.

PMID:35717618 | DOI:10.4317/medoral.25280

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