BMC Med Educ. 2022 Jun 20;22(1):474. doi: 10.1186/s12909-022-03523-3.
INTRODUCTION: A validated instrument to assess the motivating factors influencing junior doctors’ medical specialist career choices is not available. The Motivators for Medical Specialist Career Choice Questionnaire (MMSCCQ) was developed and validated in the present study.
METHODS: An exploratory sequential mixed-methods study was conducted among house officers (HO) of a tertiary care hospital. A literature review was used to construct an interview guide. Seven HOs participated in an online, one-on-one audio-recorded in-depth interview (IDI). Seven sub-themes and 33 codes identified by thematic analyses were used to develop the MMSCCQ. The importance of each motivator was rated on a five-point Likert scale. The MMSCCQ was pretested, and a random sample of 262 house officers was invited to participate in an online survey. Psychometric evaluation was done using reliability statistics, and exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses.
RESULTS: The seven main themes identified by thematic analyses were labeled as factors related to ‘work schedule and personal life,’ ‘training opportunities’, ‘past work experiences’, ‘specialty characteristics’, ‘career prospects’, ‘patient care characteristics’, and ‘social factors.’ The highest ratings were given to “previous job experience” and “patient care traits. “The response rate was 71%, the mean age of the 185 HOs was 26.7 years (SD = 1.6). Females made up 63.8% of the population. The internal consistency for the overall questionnaire measured by Cronbach’s alpha was 0.85. Each construct demonstrated an acceptable internal consistency. Twenty-six of 33 items were maintained after an exploratory factor analysis was conducted, yielding 7 constructs with a 64.9% variance. Confirmatory factor analyses established the construct validity.
CONCLUSION: The MMSCCQ has acceptable reliability and construct validity. Further studies are needed to test psychometric properties in different settings.