Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2022 Jun 21. doi: 10.1007/s11356-022-21456-8. Online ahead of print.
Noise has become an important environmental risk factor. Some studies have shown that exposure to noise can cause coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, and stroke. At present, the relationship between noise exposure and the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) is inconsistent. Based on previous studies, we proposed the hypothesis that noise exposure is associated with a higher risk of AF. Eight databases, such as PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science, were searched from inception until January 5, 2022. The pooled relative risk (RR) with its 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to estimate the association between AF and highest noise level and per 10 dB (A) increment of noise. According to the size of heterogeneity, the random or fixed effects model was adopted as the pooling method. A total of 5 articles comprising 3,866,986 participants were identified, providing 7 estimates of highest noise level and 6 estimates of per 10 dB (A) increment of noise exposure. For the highest noise level, there was a statistically significant association between noise exposure and the risk of AF (RR = 1.05; 95% CI: 1.02-1.09; I2 = 44.1%). In addition, we found the risk of AF for per 10 dB (A) increment of noise exposure was 1.01 (95% CI: 1.00-1.02; I2 = 81.3%). In summary, our study found that noise exposure was associated with a higher risk of AF. More high-quality studies are needed in the future to confirm these conclusions given the limitations of study.