IEEE J Biomed Health Inform. 2022 Jun 20;PP. doi: 10.1109/JBHI.2022.3184870. Online ahead of print.
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) has a high incidence in the middle-aged and elderly people. According to clinical research, there is a connection between hand dexterity and cervical nerves. So the surgeon makes a preliminary assessment of the severity of CSM based on a 10-second grip and release (G&R) test. At present, the statistics of G&R test rely on the surgeon’s manual counting. When a patient’s hand motion speed is too fast, the surgeon’s manual counting is prone to error, leading to potential misdiagnosis. On the other hand, in recent years, artificial intelligence has been developed rapidly, where three-dimensional convolutional neural networks (3D-CNNs) have been widely used in video analysis. This work proposes a hand motion analysis model using a 3D-CNN combined with a de-jittering mechanism to assess the severity of CSM on 10-second G&R videos. We collect 1500 10-second G&R videos recorded by 750 subjects to establish a dataset. The proposed model using 3D-MobileNetV2 as the classifier obtains a Levenshtein accuracy of 97.40% and an average GPU inference time of 3.31 seconds for each 10-second G&R video. Such accuracy and inference speed ensure that the proposed model can be used as a screening examination tool for CSM and a medical assistance tool to help decision making during CSM treatment planning.