J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2022 Jun 22. doi: 10.1007/s11239-022-02672-y. Online ahead of print.
Monitoring for the anticoagulant effect of unfractionated (UFH) at the point of care using activated clotting time in real time is vital where risk of thrombosis is high. Although monitoring UFH effect is a routine and important task, changing from one ACT instrument type or technology to another must be preceded by a clinical and statistical evaluation to determine the suitability and repeatability and establish normal and treatable ranges of this newer instrument. In this multi-center prospective evaluation we tested 1236 paired ACT+ samples, and 463 paired ACT-LR samples (1699 total) from enrolled study subjects. Clinical settings included CVOR cardiopulmonary bypass, at the beside in extracorporeal life support (ELS), the Cardiac Catheterization Lab (CCL) during diagnostic studies and percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), interventional radiology procedures and EP interventions. This study found more consistent clinical performance from the GEM Hemochron 100 as compared to the current clinical model, the Hemochron Signature Elite. The bias of GEM Hemochron 100 for ACT+ and ACT-LR was greatest in the setting of the CVOR where ACT levels were high. ACT-LR measurements by the GEM Hemochron 100 were comparable to the SE when performed in settings of CCL, ECM, EP and ICU. Results obtained for both ACT-LR and ACT+ in all clinical settings in this study using the GEM Hemochron 100 are as accurate and more repeatable as those with the current clinically available Signature Elite.