Nevin Manimala Statistics

Comparison of total cold-water immersion’s effects to ice massage on recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage

J Exp Orthop. 2022 Jun 22;9(1):59. doi: 10.1186/s40634-022-00497-5.


PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to compare the effects of total cold-water immersion to ice massage on muscle damage, performance, and delayed onset of muscle soreness.

METHODS: Sixty participants were randomized into two groups where they completed a muscle damage protocol. Afterward, muscle damage, muscle performance, and delayed onset muscle soreness were respectively measured by serum Creatine Kinase (CK) test, one-repetition maximum (1-RM) test, countermovement jump (CMJ) test, and visual analog scale (VAS). The measurements were taken at five different timelines (Baseline, 2 H, 24 H, 48 H, and 72 H).

RESULTS: Data showed that values of all within-group measures of the dependent variables had extremely significant statistical differences (p < 0.001) for both intervention groups. Serum CK values peaked at 24 H for both groups. At 72 H, serum CK values dropped to baseline values in the total cold-water immersion group, while remaining high in the ice massage group. At 72 H, the values of the 1-RM test, CMJ test, and VAS approximated baseline values only in the total cold-water immersion group (p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Total cold-water immersion (TCWI) was more effective when compared to ice massage (IM) on improving values of recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). Hence, this modality may be considered during athletic recovery to maximize athletic performance.

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered in under the trial registration number ( NCT04183816 ).

PMID:35731373 | DOI:10.1186/s40634-022-00497-5

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala