Dig Dis Sci. 2022 Jun 22. doi: 10.1007/s10620-022-07562-0. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation in IBD is postulated to drive NAFLD progression from steatosis to fibrosis.
AIMS: To study the histopathological spectrum of NAFLD in Crohn disease (CD) and Ulcerative colitis (UC).
METHODS: Patients with biopsy proven NAFLD at a quaternary center from 2008 to 2018 were included in this retrospective analysis. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) diagnosed either clinically and/or endoscopically at the time of liver biopsy. Multivariable regression and propensity score (PS) weighted analysis were conducted. Statistical analysis were performed using SAS statistical software.
RESULTS: Among 1009 patients with NAFLD a diagnosis of IBD was identified in 50 cases (34 CD and 16 UC). On multivariable analysis; CD was independently associated with significantly higher odds of advanced fibrosis (AF) on liver biopsy (adjusted OR = 4.09, 95% CI = 1.40-11.94) compared to NAFLD patients without IBD. Similar results were obtained with both the overlap PS weighted model (OR = 3.17, 95% CI = 1.55-6.49) and the PS matched model (OR = 3.49, 95% CI = 1.50-8.13).
CONCLUSION: In a large cohort of patients with histologically well characterized NAFLD, AF was more common in CD patients than NAFLD patients without IBD. These findings must be confirmed in a larger cohort, but suggest CD patients with NAFLD could be at greater risk for liver fibrosis.