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Posterior scleral reinforcement for the treatment of myopic traction maculopathy

BMC Ophthalmol. 2022 Jun 21;22(1):273. doi: 10.1186/s12886-022-02497-6.


BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the clinical effectiveness of posterior scleral reinforcement(PSR) for the treatment of myopic traction maculopathy (MTM).

METHODS: This was a prospective study of 32 eyes from 20 patients with MTM treated with PSR using genipin-cross-linked donor sclera. The length of the scleral strip used for the surgery was designed to be 1.5-times the axial length of the eye, whereas its width was 0.4-times the axial length of the eye. The optical coherence tomography images, spherical equivalent of refractive error, axial length, best corrected visual acuity, electroretinogram findings, and intraocular pressure of the patients were assessed postoperatively.

RESULTS: The mean duration of follow-up was 17.80 ± 8.74 months. The differences between the spherical equivalent of refractive error, best corrected visual acuity, axial length, and electroretinogram findings recorded preoperatively and those measured postoperatively were statistically significant (p < 0.05). The final reduction in axial length was 1.64 ± 0.85 mm. At the end of the follow-up, optical coherence tomography showed essential foveal reattachment in 30 eyes (93.75%), partial reattachment in two eyes (6.25%), and closure of macular holes in seven eyes (77.78%). No retinal detachment, vitreous haemorrhage, or other serious complications occurred following the surgery.

CONCLUSIONS: Posterior scleral reinforcement with genipin-cross-linked sclera showed safe and effective outcomes for the treatment of MTM during a follow-up period of at least one year.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: 11122018, ChiCTR1800020012 .

PMID:35729520 | DOI:10.1186/s12886-022-02497-6

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