Curr Pharm Des. 2022 Jun 23. doi: 10.2174/1381612828666220623102537. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cardio-cerebrovascular disease is an important public health challenge worldwide, and its complex etiology has not been elucidated fully. The study was to investigate the relationship between two common polymorphisms C677T and A1298C in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene, baseline lipids and the lipid-lowering efficacy of simvastatin in a Chinese hyperlipidemic population.
METHODS: All participants were recruited from Anhui, China. By the extreme sampling method, we selected subjects with low response (n=108) and high response (n=106) based on their adjusted lipid-lowering response to simvastatin administrated for 8 consecutive weeks. Both MTHFR C677T and A1298C loci were genotyped by MALDI-TOF MS platform. Serum triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were measured at baseline and after 8 weeks of oral 20 mg/d tablet of simvastatin.
RESULTS: Patients with the 677TT genotype had significantly higher baseline TC, HDL-C, and change in HDL-C (ΔHDL-C) levels after treatment than those with 677CC+CT genotypes (β = 0.207, P = 0.045; β = 0.182, P = 0.026; and β = 0.16, P = 0.002, respectively). Patients with 1298AC+CC genotypes had significantly higher baseline LDL-C and change in LDL-C (ΔLDL-C) levels (β = 0.276, P =0.043; β = 0.359, P = 0.025, respectively) than those with 1298AA genotype. We found statistical interactions between the two SNPs in association with baseline HDL-C (P for interaction = 0.034), TC (P for interaction = 0.069), and TG (P for interaction = 0.034). Baseline TC (P = 0.027) and HDL-C (P = 0.046) and change in HDL-C (P = 0.019) were different among those with the MTHFR A-T haplotype compared with A-C.
CONCLUSIONS: Our major findings suggest that both MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphisms could be important genetic determinants of lipid traits and drug efficacy of simvastatin. This will contribute to a better understanding of strategies for personalized medication in Chinese patients with dyslipidemia.