Nevin Manimala Statistics

Difference in cochlear length between male and female patients

Cochlear Implants Int. 2022 Jul 20:1-6. doi: 10.1080/14670100.2022.2101534. Online ahead of print.


Objective: To compare cochlear duct length (CDL) between male and female patients by evaluating the diameter of the basal turn (distance A) on CT scans.Method: All temporal bone CT scans performed between 2014 and 2020 were reviewed in our medical center. Using multiplanar reconstructions, the length A, which is the greatest distance of the basal turn was measured on both sides. We performed an analysis of variance considering two factors: sex and side. Two different physicians carried out the measurements, an otolaryngologist and a neuroradiologist. The patients who had several CT scans allowed us to evaluate the reliability of our procedure.Results: Among the 888 CT scans reviewed, 8 were excluded because of cochlear malformations. The inter-sex difference of length A was found to be 0.29 millimeters(mm) 95% IC [0.26-0.34] and was longer in the male group (p < 0.0001). Using Alexiades’ equation, we found that CDL was 34.5mm [34.37-34.61] in the male group and 33.3mm [33.13-33.38] in the female group. When one side was compared to the other, there was no significant difference (p = 0.226). An intra-class correlation found a good absolute agreement between the two screeners of 0.79.Conclusion: Males have a statistically significant longer CDL than females.

PMID:35860840 | DOI:10.1080/14670100.2022.2101534

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