Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2022 Jul;50(5):348-355. doi: 10.5543/tkda.2022.21297.
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular diseases still play an important role in public health and epidemiol- ogy as the leading cause of death worldwide. Ischemic heart disease is the most common reason in this group. This study aims to analyze the latest trends in ischemic heart disease mor- tality rates in Turkey by age, gender, and region using the Turkish Statistical Institute mortality data and evaluate the results.
METHODS: We have obtained ischemic heart disease mortality data (2009-2019, in 12 regions) for Turkey from the mortality database of the Turkish Statistical Institute. Joinpoint analysis was used to estimate the annual percentage change and average annual percentage change to identify significant changes in trends.
RESULTS: The mean mortality rate for ischemic heart disease in Turkey was in an increasing trend from 2009 to 2019 (annual percentage change=1.7 (-0.8; 4.3), P=.166). This increase was more pronounced in women (annual percentage change=2.2 (-0.7; 5.2), P=.121) compared to men (annual percentage change=1.4 (-1.1; 3.9), P=.235). When the period between 2015 and 2019 was evaluated, it was determined that ischemic heart disease mortality was in a decreasing trend in the groups over 65 years of age. The death rate due to ischemic heart disease is almost 2 times higher in men than in women in Turkey, and this rate ratio is highest in the Istanbul region.
CONCLUSION: Although ischemic heart disease mortality trends have decreased globally, our country’s average is still on an increasing trend. However, significant decreases have been observed in ischemic heart disease mortality rates, especially in the group over 65 years of age, in the last 5 years.