Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk. 2022 Jun 30:S2152-2650(22)00217-8. doi: 10.1016/j.clml.2022.06.013. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: Managing double-expressor lymphomas (DEL) is controversial given the dearth of data and lack of standardized guidelines on this high-risk subset of lymphomas. No prospective and few retrospective studies limited by either their sample size or short follow-up address the question of initial treatment of choice for DEL. We performed the largest analysis to date exploring R-CHOP vs DA-EPOCH-R in DEL.
METHODS: Adults with DEL diagnosed from 6/2012-2/2021 at 4 unique sites were retrospectively analyzed. Progression-free survival (PFS) was the primary endpoint. Key secondary endpoints include overall survival (OS), overall and complete response rates (ORR and CRR), cumulative incidence of relapse, and autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (autoHCT) utilization.
RESULTS: 155 patients were included, 61 treated with R-CHOP and 94 with DA-EPOCH-R. 3-year PFS and OS were similar between R-CHOP and DA-EPOCH-R, 33.2% vs 57.2%,(P = .063), and 72.2% vs 71.6% (P = .43) after median follow-up times of 2.43 and 2.89 years, respectively. Patients <65 had improved PFS with DA-EPOCH-R, hazard ratio 0.41 (P = .01). CRR and ORR rates were also similar. Relapse rates were not statistically different, 51.9% vs 28.6% (P = .069). AutoHCT utilization was higher with R-CHOP vs DA-EPOCH-R, 23.0% vs 8.5% (P = .017).
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings do not support the use of DA-EPOCH-R over R-CHOP for DEL. Patients <65 years may experience longer PFS with DA-EPOCH-R, but limitations to the analysis make this interpretation difficult.