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Bactericidal Efficacy of Photon-Induced Photoacoustic Streaming-Erbium:Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet Laser Combined with Irrigation Solution on Enterococcus faecalis in Curved Root Canals: An In Vitro Study

Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg. 2022 Jul;40(7):499-506. doi: 10.1089/photob.2022.0009.


Objective: This experiment aimed to study the bactericidal effect of photon-induced photoacoustic streaming (PIPS)-erbium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) laser on Enterococcus faecalis in curved root canals. Materials and methods: Sixty-two molars with moderately curved roots (10°-20°) and 62 molars with severely curved roots (25°-40°; one root was selected in each tooth) were assigned to group A and group B, respectively. A curved root canal model with E. faecalis infection was established. Four samples were used for sterility test, and 20 samples were used for testing if the modeling was valid. The remaining 100 samples were randomly divided into 5 subgroups (A1/A2/A3/A4/A5 and B1/B2/B3/B4/B5, n = 10) and treated as follows: A1/B1: PIPS-Er:YAG laser +5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl); A2/B2: passive ultrasonic irrigation +5.25% NaOCl; A3/B3: PIPS-Er:YAG laser+normal saline (NS); A4/B4: two-hole root canal irrigator +5.25% NaOCl; A5/B5: two-hole root canal irrigator+NS. After treatment, bacterial culture counts and scanning electron microscopic (SEM) observations were carried out for each subgroup, and the bacterial clearance rate of each subgroup was calculated. SPSS 23 software package was used for statistical analysis of the data, and a single-factor analysis of variance was used to compare the subgroups. Results: The bacterial clearance rate in group A was higher than that in group B; however, in each group, A or B, there were significant differences between the subgroups (p < 0.001) except for subgroups 1 and 2 (p > 0.05). SEM revealed that the antibacterial and smear layer removal effect of root canal in subgroups 1 and 2 was better than that in subgroups 3, 4, and 5. Conclusions: PIPS-Er:YAG can significantly enhance the bactericidal effect of NaOCl on E. faecalis in moderately and severely curved root canals.

PMID:35867120 | DOI:10.1089/photob.2022.0009

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