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The value of high-definition intelligent endoscopy combined with stroboscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of vocal cord leukoplakia

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2022 Jul 7;57(7):868-873. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.cn115330-20211021-00678.


Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of high-definition intelligent endoscopy (iSCAN) combined with stroboscopy in identifying vocal cord leukoplakia. Methods: Seventy-nine patients with vocal cord leukoplakia who underwent CO2 laser laryngeal microsurgery and diagnosed by histopathology were recruited between October 2020 to August 2021. The morphological features, microvascular morphology and mucosal waves were observed by stroboscope; SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: There were 79 patients with a total of 119 lesions (56 on left and 63 on right).Pathological examination showed that 51 sides of the vocal cords were malignant lesions (severe dysplasia, carcinoma in situ and invasive carcinoma), and 68 sides were benign lesions.Under stroboscopy, 69 sides of mucosal wave were normal or slightly decreased, and 50 sides were severely decreased or disappeared.The decrease degree of mucosal wave was positively correlated with malignant lesions (ρ=0.687, P<0.001).Under iSCAN endoscopy, there was a positive correlation between the morphological changes of microvessels at the lesion site (vertical) and the malignant lesion (ρ=0.687, P<0.001).Univariate analysis showed that lesion size, thickness, uneven color, granular elevation, peripheral erythema and asymmetry were positively correlated with malignant lesions (ρ=0.530, 0.401, 0.538, 0.315, 0.497, 0.281, P<0.05).Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of pathological malignancy with large lesions was 5.437 times higher than those of small lesions, the vertical vascular changes under iSCAN were 8.711 times higher than that of normal vascular morphology, and the severe reduction or disappearance of mucosal waves was 9.12 times higher than that of normal or mild reduction of mucosal waves. Conclusion: ISCAN can be combined with staphyloscopy to comprehensively observe and evaluate the changes of vocal cord morphology, submucosal microvessels and mucosal wave of vocal cord in patients with vocal cord leukoplosis, thus improving the ability to distinguish benign and malignant lesions.

PMID:35866281 | DOI:10.3760/cma.j.cn115330-20211021-00678

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