Scand J Gastroenterol. 2022 Jul 22:1-4. doi: 10.1080/00365521.2022.2099761. Online ahead of print.
Objective: To evaluate the value of new gastric cancer screening score system for risk assessment of gastric precancerous lesions.Methods: A total of 520 patients were enrolled after the examination of endoscopy at Endoscopy Center, Department of Gastroenterology, from June 2018 to December 2021. The patients were divided into three groups according to age, gender, serum helicobacter pylori antibody test, pepsinogen I (PGI), pepsinogen II (PGII), pepsinogen I/II ratio (PGR) and gastrin-17 test results before endoscopy: Group A defined as low-risk group (0-11 points), Group B defined as middle-risk group (12-16 points), Group C defined as high-risk group (17-23 points). The detection rates of gastric cancer and atrophic gastritis in three groups were analyzed. According to the range and degree of atrophy/intestinal metaplasia, patients were divided into five groups on the basis of OLGA/OLGIM staging system. The levels of PG I, PG II and PGR were compared between different groups, and the correlation between new gastric cancer screening score system and OLGA/OLGIM staging system were evaluated. Statistical analysis was accomplished by ANOVA, chi-square test and Gamma coefficient analysis.Results: A total of 520 patients were enrolled. 268 patients were classified into group A,222 patients into group B and 30 patients into group C, respectively. According to the pathological results, 281 cases were non-atrophic gastritis, 230 cases atrophic gastritis and 9 cases gastric cancer. For OLGA staging system, 281 patients were divided into stage-0 group, 121 patients into stage-I group, 72 patients into stage-II group, 33 patients into stage-III group and 13 patients into stage-IV groups. The PGI and PGR level correlated inversely with the rising OLGA stages (F = 3.028, p = .016, F = 6.036, p < .001). For OLGIM staging system, 252 patients were divided into stage-0 group, 137 patients into stage-I group, 80 patients into stage-II group, 36 patients into stage-III group and 15 patients into stage-IV group. The PGR level correlated inversely with the rising OLGIM stages (F = 3.466, p＝.007). The detection rates of gastric cancer and atrophic gastritis in Group C were much higher than other groups. (X2 = 14.727, p < .001; X2 = 51.280, p < .001). Gamma coefficient analysis showed significant correlations between OLGA/OLGIM and the new gastric cancer screening score system (p < .001).Conclusions: The new gastric cancer screening score system is closely linked with histological OLGA/OLGIM staging system in the risk assessment of gastric precancerous lesions. The role of new gastric cancer screening score system in future gastric precancerous lesions screening and high risk population identifying was promising.