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Renal phenotypes correlate with genotypes in unrelated individuals with tuberous sclerosis complex in China

Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2022 Jul 23;17(1):288. doi: 10.1186/s13023-022-02443-1.


PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between the genotype and renal phenotype in a Chinese cohort and guide clinical decision-making for treating tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 173 patients with definite TSC at three centers in China from September 2014 to September 2020. All the patients underwent TSC1 and TSC2 genetic testing as well as renal phenotypic evaluation. All analyses were performed using the SPSS software, version 19.0, with a cut-off P value of 0.05 considered statistically significant.

RESULTS: We identified variants in 93% (161/173) cases, including 16% TSC1 and 77% TSC2 variants. Analysis of the relationship between the genotype and renal phenotype, revealed that those with TSC2 variants were more likely to develop severe renal AML (> 4) (P = 0.044). In terms of treatment, TSC2 variants were more likely to undergo nephrectomy/partial nephrectomy (P = 0.036) and receive mTOR medication such as everolimus (P < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of their response to the everolimus treatment.

CONCLUSION: Patients with TSC2 variants exhibit more severe renal phenotypes, especially those associated with renal angiomyolipomas (AML), and they often require nephrectomy/partial nephrectomy or mTOR medication. Detection of the genotype is helpful in TSC management.

PMID:35870981 | DOI:10.1186/s13023-022-02443-1

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