Nevin Manimala Statistics

Thromboprophylaxis for Inpatient with Advanced Cancer Receiving Palliative Care: A Retrospective study

Eur J Haematol. 2022 Jul 24. doi: 10.1111/ejh.13834. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVES: The benefits and risks of thromboprophylaxis usage in patients with advanced cancer at the end of their lives remains unknown, especially with the lack of randomized studies. This study aimed to describe the clinical use of thromboprophylaxis in those patients under palliative care.

METHODS: A retrospective cohort study. It was performed on patients admitted to the Palliative care centre.

RESULTS: 719 patients were enrolled in the study. The mean age was 62.97 (13.65) years. venous thromboembolism (VTE) incidence was 5.4%(n=39). At the time of admission, 31.29% (n=225) of patients were on thromboprophylaxis. At death time, 17.5%(n=126) of patients were on thromboprophylaxis (41.3%on primary and 58.7%on secondary thromboprophylaxis). The incidence of clinically suspected fatal VTE was 6.5%(n=47). Surprisingly, clinically suspected VTE was higher statistically in patients with thromboprophylaxis rather than in non-thromboprophylaxis (p value<0.001). By using linear regression, only higher PPI scores on admission were independent negative predictors of length of stay [OR:4.429, 95%CI:5.460-3.398, p value<0.001]. The development of clinically suspected fatal VTE, whatever the status of thromboprophylaxis, did not affect the length of stay.

CONCLUSIONS: Thromboprophylaxis does not decrease the risk of clinically suspected fatal VTE n patients with advanced disease in their terminal phase. Patients with poor performance status and a short prognosis are unlikely to benefit from thromboprophylaxis.

PMID:35871389 | DOI:10.1111/ejh.13834

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala