Nevin Manimala Statistics

Continuous Glucose Profiles in Healthy People With Fixed Meal Times and Under Everyday Life Conditions

J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2022 Jul 25:19322968221113341. doi: 10.1177/19322968221113341. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: The increased use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and automated insulin delivery systems raises the question about therapeutic targets for glucose profiles in people with diabetes. This study aimed to assess averaged pre- and postprandial glucose profiles in people without diabetes to provide guidance for normal glucose patterns in clinical practice. For that, number and timing of meal intake were predefined.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: To assess glucose traces in 36 participants without diabetes (mean age = 23.7 ± 5.7 years), CGM was performed for up to 14 days, starting with a run-in phase (first 3 days, excluded from analysis) followed by 4 days with fixed meal times at 8:00 am, 1:00 pm, and 6:00 pm and the remaining 7 days spent under everyday life conditions. Data from two simultaneously worn CGM sensors were averaged and adjusted to capillary plasma-equivalent glucose values. Glucose data were evaluated through descriptive statistics.

RESULTS: Median glucose concentration on days with fixed meal times and under everyday life conditions was 95.0 mg/dL (91.6-99.1 mg/dL, interquartile range) and 98.1 mg/dL (93.7-100.8 mg/dL), respectively. On days with fixed meal times, mean premeal glucose was 92.8 ± 9.4 mg/dL, and mean peak postmeal glucose was 143.3 ± 23.5 mg/dL.

CONCLUSIONS: By defining the time of meal intake, a clear pattern of distinct postprandial glucose excursions in participants without diabetes could be demonstrated and analyzed. The presented glucose profiles might be helpful as an estimate for adequate clinical targets in people with diabetes.

PMID:35876145 | DOI:10.1177/19322968221113341

By Nevin Manimala

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