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Absolute eosinophil count may be an optimal peripheral blood marker to identify the risk of immune-related adverse events in advanced malignant tumors treated with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors: a retrospective analysis

World J Surg Oncol. 2022 Jul 28;20(1):242. doi: 10.1186/s12957-022-02695-y.


BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the predictive values of serum biomarkers including absolute eosinophil count (AEC), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) with respect to immune-related adverse events (irAEs) during anti-PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor treatment in patients with advanced malignant tumors.

METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 95 patients with advanced cancer who were treated with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors from January 1, 2017, to May 1, 2020, in our cancer center. We then analyzed associations between irAEs and anti-PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor responses and evaluated the predictive values of serum biomarkers with respect to the risk of irAEs.

RESULTS: The incidence of irAEs was 55.8%. There were no statistically significant differences between the irAEs and no-irAEs groups in an objective response rate (ORR) or disease control rate (DCR). However, landmark analysis showed that the irAEs group had better survival after 120 days following the initiation of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor treatment, compared with the no-irAEs group. The incidences of irAEs were greater in the high-AEC and low-NLR groups than in the low-AEC and high-NLR groups. Univariate logistic analysis showed that low NLR, ECOG performance status (0-1), and high AEC were risk factors for irAEs. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that high AEC and good ECOG performance status were independent predictors for irAEs.

CONCLUSIONS: irAEs may be associated with a survival benefit. Baseline AEC is a strong predictor of irAEs in patients undergoing treatment with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors.

PMID:35897018 | DOI:10.1186/s12957-022-02695-y

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