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Study on the characterization of endosulfan-degrading bacterial strains isolated from contaminated rhizospheric soil

J Environ Sci Health C Toxicol Carcinog. 2022;40(1):68-85. doi: 10.1080/26896583.2022.2050155.


In the present study, we have isolated endosulfan tolerant bacterial strains from the rhizosphere of plants growing in a pesticide-contaminated area. The tolerance capacities of these strains were tested up to 50,000 µg ml-1 of endosulfan. It was found that out of nineteen, four strains (EAG-EC-12, EAG-EC-13, EAG-EC-14, and EAG-EC-15) were capable of surviving up to 50,000 µg ml-1 endosulfan concentration in the media; thus, these four strains were selected for the characterization. Among four, two strains were identified as Serratia liquefaciens, while the other two strains were Bacillus sp. and Brevibacterium halotolerans. The result shows that growth of strain Serratia liquefaciens 1 and Serratia liquefaciens 2 in treated medium was statistically similar to that of control (cfu 6.8 × 107) after 24 h, while strains Bacillus sp. and Brevibacterium halotolerans have shown growth significantly less than the control. The degradation potential of these strains was analyzed against 100 to 250 µg ml-1 of endosulfan in a Minimal Broth Medium (MBM), and it was recorded that only 9, 2, 7, and 19% of endosulfan (100 µg ml-1) remain after a 72 h incubation period of Bacillus sp., Serratia liquefaciens 1, Serratia liquefaciens 2, and Brevibacterium halotolerans, respectively. This endosulfan removal potential of studied strains was decreased with an increase in concentration of endosulfan.

PMID:35895931 | DOI:10.1080/26896583.2022.2050155

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