Nevin Manimala Statistics

Surgeons’ Leadership Style and Team Behavior in the Hybrid Operating Room: Prospective Cohort Study

Ann Surg. 2022 Jul 29. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000005645. Online ahead of print.


OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the relationship between surgeons’ leadership style and team behavior in the hybrid operating room through video coding. Secondly, possible fluctuations in leadership styles and team behavior during operative phases were studied.

SUMMARY/BACKGROUNDDATA: Leadership is recognized as a key component to successful team functioning in high-risk industries. The ‘full range of leadership’ theory is commonly used to evaluate leadership, marking transformational, transactional and passive. Few studies have examined the effects of these leadership styles on team behavior in surgery and/or their fluctuations during surgery.

METHODS: A single-center study included patients planned for routine endovascular procedures. A medical data capture system was used to allow post-hoc video coding through Behavior Anchored Rating Scales. Multilevel statistical analysis was performed to assess possible correlations between leadership style and three team behavior indicators (speaking up, knowledge sharing, collaboration) on an operative phase level.

RESULTS: Twenty-two cases were analyzed (47 hours recording). Transformational leadership is positively related to the extent to which team members work together (γ=0.20, P<0.001), share knowledge (γ=0.45, P<0.001) and speak up (γ=0.64, P<0.001). Passive leadership is significantly positively correlated with speaking up (γ=0.29, P=0.004). Leadership style and team behavior clearly fluctuate during a procedure, with similar patterns across different types of endovascular procedures.

CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with other professional fields, surgeons’ transformational leadership enhances team behavior, especially during the most complex operative phases. This suggests that encouraging surgeons to learn and actively implement a transformational leadership style is meaningful to enhance patient safety and team performance.

PMID:35904023 | DOI:10.1097/SLA.0000000000005645

By Nevin Manimala

Portfolio Website for Nevin Manimala