Nevin Manimala Statistics

Evaluating the sustainability of non-communicable diseases programs in Malaysia

BMC Public Health. 2022 Aug 1;22(1):1463. doi: 10.1186/s12889-022-13891-6.


BACKGROUND: The substantial rise in non-communicable diseases (NCDs) over the last two decades poses a major concern to the healthcare services in Malaysia. This study aimed to evaluate the sustainability of the current NCDs programs and identify the challenges and factors impeding the sustainability of the NCDs program implemented under the National Strategic Plan.

METHODS: This study applied the mixed-method approach using the Program Sustainability Assessment Tool (PSAT) to assess the eight domains for program sustainability combined with 5 open-ended questions. The survey was administered to key leaders from the district health offices in Malaysia. The mean score for each sustainability domain and the overall mean sustainability score were determined. Descriptive statistics and thematic analysis were conducted using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25 and NVivo version 12, respectively.

RESULTS: A total of 80 key leaders responded to the survey. Overall seven domains scored an average of ≥ 4 with an overall mean sustainability score of 4.2. The highest domain mean scores were 4.5 (communications) and 4.4 (organizational capacity). The lowest mean score domain was 3.8 (funding stability). The open-ended responses revealed challenges faced by department heads, including implementation difficulties, factors impeding the planning of the NCDs program for sustainability, lack of financial resources, lack of human resources, and support for staff training which are largely consistent with the scores of each domain.

CONCLUSION: The sustainability factors affecting the NCDs program in Malaysia are qualitatively similar to other countries. For greater sustainability capacity, we should work towards strong leadership, strengthening funding stability, and incorporating evidence-based public health strategies in the implementation of the NCDs program.

PMID:35915493 | DOI:10.1186/s12889-022-13891-6

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