Osteoporos Int. 2022 Aug 2. doi: 10.1007/s00198-022-06481-0. Online ahead of print.
Between 1998 and 2018, the number of hospitalizations for major osteoporotic fractures increased. After standardization for age, these numerical increases translated into a reduced incidence of hospitalizations for hip fractures and an increased incidence of hospitalizations for spine, proximal humerus, and distal radius fractures in both sexes.
INTRODUCTION: The longterm epidemiological trends of hospitalizations for major osteoporotic fractures (MOF) between 1998 and 2018 in Switzerland are unknown.
METHODS: The absolute number of acute hospitalizations for MOF (hip fractures and fractures of the spine, proximal humerus, and distal radius) and related length of acute hospital stay were extracted from the medical database of the Swiss Federal Office of Statistics. Age-standardized incidence rates were calculated using 1998 as the reference year.
RESULTS: Hospitalizations for MOF increased from 4483 to 7542 (+ 68.2%) in men and from 13,242 to 19,362 (+ 46.2%) in women. The age-standardized incidence of hospitalizations for MOF increased by 5.7% in men (p = 0.002) and by 5.1% in women (p = 0.018). The age-standardized incidence of hip fractures decreased by 15.3% in men (p < 0.001) and by 21.5% in women (p < 0.001). In parallel, the age-standardized incidence of MOF other than hip fractures increased by 31.8% in men (p < 0.001) and by 40.1% in women (p < 0.001). The mean length of acute hospital stays for MOF decreased from 16.3 to 8.5 days in men and from 16.9 to 8.1 days in women.
CONCLUSION: Between 1998 and 2018, the number of hospitalizations for MOF increased significantly by a larger extent than expected based on the ageing of the Swiss population alone. This increase was solely driven by an increased incidence of MOF other than hip fractures as incident hip fractures decreased over time in both sexes, more so in women than in men.