BMC Nurs. 2022 Aug 1;21(1):207. doi: 10.1186/s12912-022-00997-w.
BACKGROUND: Instead of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), the modern definition of ventilator-associated events (VAEs) has been introduced to identify infectious and noninfectious respiratory complications. Some studies revealed that compliance to the ventilator bundle is associated with decreased occurrence of VAP, but little is known about its association with the decrease of VAEs occurrence.
METHODS: A prospective cohort research design was used. Data were collected over eight months from May 2019 to February 2020 in five general intensive care units. The researchers assessed the compliance to ventilator care bundle using the Institute for Healthcare Improvement ventilation bundle checklist. Mechanically ventilated patients were prospectively assessed for the occurrence of VAEs using a pre-validated calculator from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. All are non-invasive tools and no intervention was done by the authors.
RESULTS: A total of 141 mechanically ventilated patients completed the study. The odds ratio of having VAEs in patients who received ventilator bundle was -1.19 (95% CI, -2.01 to -0.38), a statistically significant effect, Wald χ2(1) = 8.18, p = 0.004.
CONCLUSION/ IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Ventilator bundle compliance was associated with a reduced risk for VAEs occurrence. Nurses should comply with the ventilator bundle because it is associated with decreased VAEs occurrence.