J Clin Monit Comput. 2022 Aug 2. doi: 10.1007/s10877-022-00899-x. Online ahead of print.
Novel technologies allow continuous wireless monitoring systems (CWMS) to measure vital signs and these systems might be favorable compared to intermittent monitoring regarding improving outcomes. However, device safety needs to be validated because uncertain evidence challenges the clinical implementation of CWMS. This review investigates the frequency of device-related adverse events in patients monitored with CWMS in general hospital wards. Systematic literature searches were conducted in PubMed and Embase. We included trials of adult patients in general hospital wards monitored with CWMS. Our primary outcome was the frequency of unanticipated serious adverse device effects (USADEs). Secondary outcomes were adverse device effects (ADEs) and serious adverse device effects (SADE). Data were extracted from eligible studies and descriptive statistics were applied to analyze the data. Seven studies were eligible for inclusion with a total of 1485 patients monitored by CWMS. Of these patients, 54 patients experienced ADEs (3.6%, 95% CI 2.8-4.7%) and no USADEs or SADEs were reported (0%, 95% CI 0-0.31%). The studies of the SensiumVitals® patch, the iThermonitor, and the ViSi Mobile® device reported 28 (9%), 25 (5%), and 1 (3%) ADEs, respectively. No ADEs were reported using the HealthPatch, WARD 24/7 system, or Coviden Alarm Management. Current evidence suggests that CWMS are safe to use but systematic reporting of all adverse device effects is warranted.